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A STUDY OF SOURCES OF LAW OF SPORTS ORGANIZATION AUTONOMY - A CROSS COUNTRY COMPARISON BETWEEN TAIWAN AND TURKEY

Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 14, 852 - 859, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.592565

Abstract

The concept of sports governance has become more and more popular in recent years and has received considerable attention in practice and academia. From institutional theory to environmental dynamics, it is considered that the governance structure of the organization is to coordinate external pressures and interact with other organizations, regulatory environments, and systems, especially laws and regulations. The purpose of this study is to analyze the sources of law of sports organizations autonomy in Taiwan and Turkey. Turkey and Taiwan are very similar in the structure and environment of sports governance. And Turkey is better than Taiwan in terms of the competitive performs participation of international sports and the holding of mega sports events. Therefore, this research analyzed the content and changes of relevant laws and regulations of Taiwan and Turkey on the basis of document analysis and uses relevant government documents and announcements as a source of data analysis. This study found that Turkey has passed the Sports Association Autonomy Act in 2004 and many associations have completed self-government. However, there are still rooms for Turkish Sports organizations of autonomy. There are two issues of autonomy of Turkish Sports organizations, board elections and funding. Turkish Sports organizations are still highly relying on the funding of government and have the government-appointed person in the supervisory members of the association. In contrast, after the 2017 Taipei Universiade, Taiwan was under pressure from public opinion, and the government amended the National Sports Law. It stipulates that the association should have a transparent electoral system, open participation for the whole people, and amendments to the player selection system. It seems that the part of Taiwan's regulations is more perfect than the Turkish regulations and more in line with the spirit of good governance. However, such reforms are also worrying about the government's excessive involvement in the association. Good governance is like a road without an end, and many developed countries are still moving towards this goal. Taiwan and Turkey have also undergone reforms and gradually move toward a good governance path. However, in order to achieve the goal of good governance, in addition to the improvement of the regulatory environment, what more important is the attitude of the leaders and the public to the sports organization. First of all, we must publicize the concept of good governance, and establish a sound organizational structure and organizational charter. Furthermore, through the constraints of external stakeholders, the entire sports organization network can be more stable. The fulfilment of good governance of sports can also be possible.

References

  • Australian Sports Commission (2012). Sports governance principles. Australia: Australian Sports Commission. Burt, R. S. (1992). Structural holes: the social structure of competition. Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England: Harvard University Press. Chang, C. Y. (2002). An analysis of the development of folk sports groups in Taiwan. National Education Century, 203, 39-48. Erturan, E. E., Brison, N., & Allen, T. (2012). Comparative analysis of university sports in the U.S. and Turkey. Sport Management International Journal, 8(1), 5-24. Erturan, E. E., & İmamoğlu, A. F. (2011). Almanya ve Türkiye’deki spor kulüplerinin karşılaştırmalı analizi: Türkiye’deki spor kulüplerinin yapı ve işleyişine yeni bir yaklaşım [Comparative analysis of Sports Clubs in Germany and Turkey: A new approach to structure and function of the Sport Clubs in Turkey]. Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences, 22 (2), 54-68. Erturan, E. E., & Sahin, M. Y. (2014). Political clientelism in Turkish sports federations. European Sport Management Quarterly, 14(5), 556-566. European Commission. (2013). Principles of good governance in sport. European Commission: Expert Group “Good Governance”. Executive Yuan. (2017). The National Sports Act. Ferkins, L., & Shilbury, D. (2010). Developing board strategic capability in sport organisations: The national-regional governing relationship. Sport Management Review, 13, 235-254. Ferkins, L., & Shilbury, D. (2015). The stakeholder dilemma in sport governance: Toward the notion of “stakeowner”. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 93-108. Ferkins, L., Shilbury, D., & McDonald, G. (2005). The role of the board in building strategic capability: Towards an integrated model of sport governance research. Sport Management Review, 8, 195-225. Fişek, K. (1998). Devlet politikası ve toplumsal yapısıyla ilişkileri açısından dünya’da ve Türkiye’de spor yönetimi. Ankara: Bağırgan Yayınevi. Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233. GSB. (2014). General information. Retrieved from https://www.sgm.gov.tr/ Hayhurst, L., & Frisby, W. (2010). Inevitable tensions: Swiss and Canadian sport for development NGO perspectives on partnerships with high performance sport. European Sport Management Quarterly, 10 (1), 75-96. Huang, C. T. (2007). Research and development plan for the rule of law for sports groups. Report on the special research results commissioned by the Executive Committee of the Executive Yuan No.: sac-res-095-002). Not published. Hsiung, T. T. (2015). A study of constructing and verifying a good governance principle for non-profit sport organizations in Taiwan (Unpublished Doctoral Thesis). National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei. Hsiung, T. T., Cheng, C. F. (2014). Intergovernmental mode in sport organizations: A case of Taiwan Sports Administration and Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee. Physical Education Journal, 47 (1), 275-290. Nelson, R. E. (1989). The strength of strong ties: Social networks and intergroup conflict in organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 32(2), 377-401. Sawyer, T. H., Bodey, K. J., & Judge, L. W. (2008). Sport governance and policy development: An ethical approach to managing sport in the 21st century. Sagamore Publishing LLC. Shilbury, D., & Ferkins, L. (2011). Professionalisation, sport governance and strategic capability. Managing Leisure, 16, 108-127. Sport and Recreation Alliance (2011). Voluntary code of good governance for the sport and recreation sector. London: Sport and Recreation Alliance. Sport New Zealand (2014). Nine steps to effective governance: Building high performing organisations. Wellington, New Zealand: Author. Sports Administration of the Ministry of Education of Taiwan. (2013). White paper on Sports Policy. Tinaz, C., Turco, D. M., & Salisbury, P. (2014). Sport policy in Turkey. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 6(3), 533-545. Yeh, C. M., Hoye, R. & Taylor, T. (2011). Board roles and strategic orientation among Taiwanese nonprofit sport organisations. Managing Leisure, 16, 287-301. Yeh, C. M., Taylor, T. & Hoye, R. (2009). Board roles in organisations with a dual board system: Empirical evidence from Taiwanese nonprofit sport organizations. Sport Management Review, 12 (2), 91-100. Wang, I. J. (2017). After the rectification of the "National Sports Act". https://www.twreporter.org/a/taiwan-athletics-problems-national-sports-act

Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 14, 852 - 859, 15.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.592565

Abstract

References

  • Australian Sports Commission (2012). Sports governance principles. Australia: Australian Sports Commission. Burt, R. S. (1992). Structural holes: the social structure of competition. Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England: Harvard University Press. Chang, C. Y. (2002). An analysis of the development of folk sports groups in Taiwan. National Education Century, 203, 39-48. Erturan, E. E., Brison, N., & Allen, T. (2012). Comparative analysis of university sports in the U.S. and Turkey. Sport Management International Journal, 8(1), 5-24. Erturan, E. E., & İmamoğlu, A. F. (2011). Almanya ve Türkiye’deki spor kulüplerinin karşılaştırmalı analizi: Türkiye’deki spor kulüplerinin yapı ve işleyişine yeni bir yaklaşım [Comparative analysis of Sports Clubs in Germany and Turkey: A new approach to structure and function of the Sport Clubs in Turkey]. Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences, 22 (2), 54-68. Erturan, E. E., & Sahin, M. Y. (2014). Political clientelism in Turkish sports federations. European Sport Management Quarterly, 14(5), 556-566. European Commission. (2013). Principles of good governance in sport. European Commission: Expert Group “Good Governance”. Executive Yuan. (2017). The National Sports Act. Ferkins, L., & Shilbury, D. (2010). Developing board strategic capability in sport organisations: The national-regional governing relationship. Sport Management Review, 13, 235-254. Ferkins, L., & Shilbury, D. (2015). The stakeholder dilemma in sport governance: Toward the notion of “stakeowner”. Journal of Sport Management, 29, 93-108. Ferkins, L., Shilbury, D., & McDonald, G. (2005). The role of the board in building strategic capability: Towards an integrated model of sport governance research. Sport Management Review, 8, 195-225. Fişek, K. (1998). Devlet politikası ve toplumsal yapısıyla ilişkileri açısından dünya’da ve Türkiye’de spor yönetimi. Ankara: Bağırgan Yayınevi. Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233. GSB. (2014). General information. Retrieved from https://www.sgm.gov.tr/ Hayhurst, L., & Frisby, W. (2010). Inevitable tensions: Swiss and Canadian sport for development NGO perspectives on partnerships with high performance sport. European Sport Management Quarterly, 10 (1), 75-96. Huang, C. T. (2007). Research and development plan for the rule of law for sports groups. Report on the special research results commissioned by the Executive Committee of the Executive Yuan No.: sac-res-095-002). Not published. Hsiung, T. T. (2015). A study of constructing and verifying a good governance principle for non-profit sport organizations in Taiwan (Unpublished Doctoral Thesis). National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei. Hsiung, T. T., Cheng, C. F. (2014). Intergovernmental mode in sport organizations: A case of Taiwan Sports Administration and Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee. Physical Education Journal, 47 (1), 275-290. Nelson, R. E. (1989). The strength of strong ties: Social networks and intergroup conflict in organizations. Academy of Management Journal, 32(2), 377-401. Sawyer, T. H., Bodey, K. J., & Judge, L. W. (2008). Sport governance and policy development: An ethical approach to managing sport in the 21st century. Sagamore Publishing LLC. Shilbury, D., & Ferkins, L. (2011). Professionalisation, sport governance and strategic capability. Managing Leisure, 16, 108-127. Sport and Recreation Alliance (2011). Voluntary code of good governance for the sport and recreation sector. London: Sport and Recreation Alliance. Sport New Zealand (2014). Nine steps to effective governance: Building high performing organisations. Wellington, New Zealand: Author. Sports Administration of the Ministry of Education of Taiwan. (2013). White paper on Sports Policy. Tinaz, C., Turco, D. M., & Salisbury, P. (2014). Sport policy in Turkey. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 6(3), 533-545. Yeh, C. M., Hoye, R. & Taylor, T. (2011). Board roles and strategic orientation among Taiwanese nonprofit sport organisations. Managing Leisure, 16, 287-301. Yeh, C. M., Taylor, T. & Hoye, R. (2009). Board roles in organisations with a dual board system: Empirical evidence from Taiwanese nonprofit sport organizations. Sport Management Review, 12 (2), 91-100. Wang, I. J. (2017). After the rectification of the "National Sports Act". https://www.twreporter.org/a/taiwan-athletics-problems-national-sports-act

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Hsiung TAO-TİEN
Taiwan


Murat ASLAN This is me
Türkiye


Hsiung HSİANG-YU This is me (Primary Author)
Taiwan

Publication Date September 15, 2019
Application Date July 16, 2019
Acceptance Date September 5, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 14

Cite

EndNote %0 IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences A STUDY OF SOURCES OF LAW OF SPORTS ORGANIZATION AUTONOMY - A CROSS COUNTRY COMPARISON BETWEEN TAIWAN AND TURKEY %A Hsiung Tao-tien , Murat Aslan , Hsiung Hsiang-yu %T A STUDY OF SOURCES OF LAW OF SPORTS ORGANIZATION AUTONOMY - A CROSS COUNTRY COMPARISON BETWEEN TAIWAN AND TURKEY %D 2019 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 5 %N 14 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.592565 %U 10.18769/ijasos.592565

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