Year 2017, Volume 3 , Issue 9, Pages 948 - 953 2017-12-27

HATE SPEECH AND THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA

Abiodun FASAKİN [1] , Olusola OYERO [2] , Kehinde OYESOMİ [3] , Nelson OKORİE [4]


Elections in the world are not taken with levity as it is one of the major determinants of what would become of the certain country in some years to come. During the 2015 general election in Nigeria, the political environment was intensified with the proliferation of adverts, political innuendos and propaganda messages. Media organisations in Nigeria, as always, became vehicles and channels of expressions and propaganda. A significant number of these messages had elements of hate speeches which were targeted at ridiculing opponents and opposition parties. Nigeria has witnessed several elections and campaigns with the intention of securing the people’s vote, however, the political environment of Nigeria is not which that can be describe as conducive with candidates attacking personalities and political parties. Questions are being raised as citizens want to find out the role hate speeches plays in election campaigns and how it affects voter’s choice of candidate with their perception about such candidate before, during and after the election. The essence of the hate speech is to ridicule and lower the esteem of others before well-meaning voters. This paper evaluated the extent at which hate speeches were used during the 2015 general elections in Nigeria. This paper was anchored on the social responsibility theory, which explains how media should ideally operate in a given society of social values and it is the standard against which the public judges. The paper concluded that many hate speeches were used across all the mass media during the 2015 general elections in Nigeria but as none of these people who uttered the hate speeches were not punished. The paper recommended that political actors that engage in the use of hate speeches during electioneering should be punished according to the electoral laws of the country. Furthermore, stringent punitive measures should be meted to media outlets that publish or broadcast hate speeches as a form of deterrent for the growth of democracy in Nigeria.

Hate Speeches, Television, political campaign, elections and Nigeria
  • Adibe, J. (2015). Fayose’s advert: Offensive or hate speech? Adapted from a paper presented at a roundtable on hate speech organized by the Kukah Centre: Abuja, on 27 January. 2017. Adie, V. O. & Abbas, J. (2015). Inside Nigeria’s most unusual political campaigns. Retrieved from: http://www.dailytrust.com.ng//weekly/index.php/politics/19352- on 15th February, 2017. Ayo-Aderele, S. (2015). When Hate Speeches Threaten an Election. Retrieved from http://www.punchng. com/democracy-focus/when-hate-speeches-threaten-an-election/ on 4th February, 2017. Boundless, (2016). The Modern Politcal Campaign: Retrieved from https://www.boundless.com/political-science/textbooks/boundless-political-science-textbook/campaigns-and-elections-8/the-modern-political-campaign-61/the-modern-political-campaign-345-5701/ on 7th March, 2017 Ezeibe C. (2015) Hate speech and Electoral Violence in Nigeria: A paper submitted to the Department of Political Science University of Nigeria Nsukka Folarin, B. (1998). Theories of Mass Communication, An introductory text. Ibadan: Stirling-Horden Publishers. Grace, I. (2015). Political Advert Campaigns and Voting Behaviour: A Study of Akinwunmi Ambode’s Election Ad Campaigns in Lagos State. A paper submitted to the Mass Communication Department, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Lagos state, Nigeria. Nigerian civil society, (2015). Hate speech, Issue based Campaigns and the 2015 General Elections. 2, 11-19. Nigerian Observer, (2015). Checking Hate Speech among Nigerian Politicians. Retrieved from http://www.nigerianobservernews.com/2015/02/checking-hate-speech-among-nigerian-politicians/ on 19th January, 2017. Nigerianeye, (2016). NBC Indicts AIT and NTA for Documentary on Buhari. Retrieved from www.nigerianeye.com/2015/03/nbc-indicts-nta-ait-for-documentary-on-buhari on 8th February, 2017. Nockleby, T. (2000), “Hate Speech,” in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, ed. Leonard W. Levy and Kenneth L. Karst, vol. 3. (2nd ed.), Detroit: Macmillan Reference US, pp. 1277-1279. Cited in "Library 2.0 and the Problem of Hate Speech," by Margaret Brown-Sica and Jeffrey Beall, Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship, vol. 9 no. 2 (Summer 2008). Okunna, C. S. & Omenugha, A. (2012). Introduction to Mass Communication (3rd Ed.). Enugu: New Generation Books. Segun, O. (2015). Nigerian 2015 elections and the Internet of hate. Retrieved from http://itedgenews.com/2015/01/20/nigerian-2015-elections-and-the-internet-of-hate/ on 7th March, 2017. Ukwueze, C.I., & Uche, A. (2015). The Rise of Hate and Peace Journalism In The Nigerian Democratization Process: The Place of the New Media. Communication Panorama African and Global Perspective. Volume 1 Number 1 Sept-Oct 2015 Maiden Issue. Vanguard newspaper, (Oct. 26, 2016). Nigerian politics and the 2015 election campaigns by Rotimi fasan. Retrieved from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2015/04/nigerian-politics-and-the-2015-election-campaigns/ on 7th March, 2017.
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Abiodun FASAKİN
Country: Nigeria


Author: Olusola OYERO (Primary Author)
Country: Nigeria


Author: Kehinde OYESOMİ
Country: Nigeria


Author: Nelson OKORİE
Country: Nigeria


Dates

Publication Date : December 27, 2017

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences HATE SPEECH AND THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA %A Abiodun Fasakin , Olusola Oyero , Kehinde Oyesomi , Nelson Okorie %T HATE SPEECH AND THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA %D 2017 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 3 %N 9 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.367311 %U 10.18769/ijasos.367311

Authors of the Article
Abiodun FASAKİN [1]
Olusola OYERO [2]
Kehinde OYESOMİ [3]
Nelson OKORİE [4]