Year 2017, Volume 3 , Issue 9, Pages 840 - 849 2017-12-27


Hanif AKHTAR [1]

Indonesia is a wide country and it consists of thousands of islands. This condition makes many regions in Indonesia do not get the proper educational facilities. In addition, the quality of teachers in the remote areas is still poor. People who concern with the condition of education in the remote areas are still rare because of the limited access and high cost to get there. However, there is one group of volunteers who care about the condition of education in the remote areas of Indonesia called RUBI (Ruang Berbagi Ilmu). RUBI is a voluntary movement of professionals that focus on improving teachers' competence in the remote areas. The purpose of this study was to explore the motivation of the volunteer and to understand how the dynamics of the volunteers in achieving psychological well-being.

The research was conducted by a qualitative method using phenomenology approach. The respondents in this study were professionals who had already traveled to remote areas to become a volunteer teacher trainer. The results of this study indicated that becoming volunteer requires a lot of sacrifices, such as material and time. In addition, being a volunteer also has great challenges because they have to adapt to a new environment. However, despite these sacrifices and inconveniences, many volunteers feel addicted to get involved in this activity. There are many benefits perceived as volunteers such as 1) increasing insight and knowledge from any source and any region, 2) developing their competence, 3) gaining inner satisfaction and meaningful life, 4) becoming more widespread the social relations, and 5) becoming more positive and more grateful. In general, being volunteers in the remote area has affected the six dimensions of psychological well-being, that is self-acceptance, positive relationships with others, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth. The dynamics of psychological well-being of the volunteer trainers are discussed further in this paper.

psychological well-being, volunteer, remote area, Indonesia, qualitative
  • Apriyanti, A. (2016). Ayo jadi Relawan [website post]. Retrieved from Clary, E. G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R. D., Copeland, J., Stukas, A. A., Haugen, J., & Miene, P. (1998). Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: A functional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1516–1530. Clary, E.G., & Snyder, M. (1999). The motivations to volunteer: Theoretical and practical considerations. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 156-159. Creswell, J.W. (1998). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design Choosing among Five Tradition. California: Sage Publication Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34–43. Gable, S. L., & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? Review of General Psychology, 9(2), 103–110. Gastañaduy, K., Paredes, D. H., & Lens, W. (2014). Work motivation and psychological well-being of volunteers and non-volunteers. Revista de Orientacion Educacional, (53), 37–50. Hall, D., Hall, I., Cameron, A., & Green, P. (2004). Student volunteering and the active community: Issues and opportunities for teaching and learning in sociology. Learning 1 and Teaching in the Social Sciences, 1, 33-50 Hitokoto, H., & Uchida, Y. (2015). Interdependent Happiness: Theoretical Importance and Measurement Validity. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(1), 211–239. Keyes, C. L. M., Shmotkin, D., & Ryff, C. D. (2002). Optimizing Well-Being: The Empirical Encounter of Two Traditions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(6), 1007–1022. Kitayama, S., Markus, H. R., & Kurokawa, M. (2000). Culture, Emotion, and Well-being: Good Feelings in Japan and the United States. Cognition & Emotion, 14(1), 93–124. Najia, R. P. (2005). Psychological well-being and coping mechanisms of volunteers and aid workers in a post-disaster situation. James P Grant School of Public Health BRAC University. Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069–1081 Ryff, C. D. (1995). Psychological well-being in adult life. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 4(4), 99–104. Savitri,N.G. (2005). Panduan Manajemen Kerelawanan. Depok: Piramedia Statistics Indonesia. (2017). Illiteracy Rate by Age Group, 2011-2016. [Website post]. Retrieved from Uchida, Y., Norasakkunkit, V., & Kitayama, S. (2013). Cultural Constructions of Happiness: Theory and Empirical Evidence. In A. Delle Fave (Ed.), The Exploration of Happiness (pp. 269–280). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. Uchida, Y., & Ogihara, Y. (2012). Personal or interpersonal construal of happiness: A cultural psychological perspective. International Journal of Wellbeing, 354–369. Windsor, T. D., Anstey, K. J., & Rodgers, B. (2008). Volunteering and Psychological Well-Being Among Young-Old Adults: How Much Is Too Much? The Gerontologist, 48, 1. Wilson, J. (2000). Volunteering. Annual Review of Sociology, 26,. 215–240 Wu J., Lo, T.W., & Liu E.S.C. (2009) Psychometric Properties of the Volunteer Functions Inventory with Chinese Students. Journal of Community Psychology 37(6): 769-780
Journal Section Articles

Author: Hanif AKHTAR (Primary Author)
Country: Indonesia


Publication Date : December 27, 2017

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF VOLUNTEER TEACHER TRAINERS IN THE REMOTE AREA IN INDONESIA %A Hanif Akhtar %T PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF VOLUNTEER TEACHER TRAINERS IN THE REMOTE AREA IN INDONESIA %D 2017 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 3 %N 9 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.366855 %U 10.18769/ijasos.366855