Nowadays, there are approximately 10,731,000 elderly
persons or 15.8 per cent of all age groups (as of 2015) (Department of Economic
and Social Affairs, 2015), implying that Thailand is a completely aging
society. As this situation, the biggest problem is the elderly cannot
participate in the labour market and they will not get enough income for their
retired life. However, The Aging Survey found that some of old age persons wish
they could work and 38.4 per cent of elderly persons are still working,
majority of them work as business owner without employees (National Statistical
Office, 2014; Amsuk, 2015).
According to this situation, Thai government has concerned
and tries to solve this financial issue. The government would like to support
the elderly who cannot start up their own business because of the budget.
Therefore, in 2003, the government provided the monetary fund, called “Elderly
Fund” which was established under the Elderly Aging Act 2003 (Office of
Promotion and Protection of the Elderly, 2011).
The objectives of this article are 1) to provide the basic
information of the Elderly Fund as the funding source for monetization of Thai
elderly and 2) to reveal the amount of the Elderly Fund that government
has provided until now, and explain the method and qualification to assess the
As the research, the Elderly Fund was established by The
Aging Act 2003, the section 13. The Fund has been started the service for
personal aging / group / elderly service centre / and organization which work
for aging since 2007 (fiscal year) (Office of
Promotion and Protection of the Elderly, 2011) and The Office of Promotion and Protection for Child, Youth,
Disadvantaged and Elderly who operate the Elderly Fund. The Fund has
supported and helped in 3 ways: 1) case of personal, 2) aging group and 3) case
There is no significant difference of method to access to
the loan of the Elderly fund between personal, group and project. However,
personal and group must be Thai and aged 60 years or over. The project supports
the government organization, private organization or aging organization.
The amount of fund shows the huge difference between
personal, group and project, majority of elderly persons participate in the
fund as the personal case. So the amount of money that support the personal
case has been highest. The total amount that Elderly Fund has provided since
2005 - June, 2016 for all cases (personal, group and project) is 1,508.7
million baht (43.62 million USD). Average amount of the fund which is spent per
year is only 167.33 million baht (4.83 million USD).
|Publication Date||December 18, 2016|
|Submission Date||December 26, 2016|
|Published in Issue||Year 2016Volume: 2 Issue: 6|