The digital revolution led to the birth of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which opened new, unlimited areas of creativity and innovation in various scientific fields. It has created a set of new technologies that combine three key elements: physical, digital, and biological, to produce unprecedented rapid variables in human life. The problem is that this revolution created the challenges facing all organizations and institutions, including educational institutions, when it imposed requirement of highly efficient, the education is required to keep abreast of technological developments, while today's schools are in dire need of further development and innovation in the world Fast changing. Therefore, the school faces many problems through a flood of new information accelerated according to the rapid changes, and need to be creative and more comprehensive assimilation of modern technology. Through the descriptive and analytical approach, the subject was discussed in three sections, first: the dimensions of the fourth industrial revolution. Second: the use of modern technology in schools of basic education, and finally the challenges facing school principals. The findings showed that: The Fourth Industrial Revolution constituted technological breakthroughs, such as artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, biotechnology, and the mass chain. These technologies have challenged all societies in how to exploit these opportunities. Educational institutions must develop. There was a need for quality graduates characterized by creative thinking, innovative production and adaptation to innovations and inventions. As such, school principals have had many burdens and responsibilities to employ maximum creative management skills to keep pace with scientific and technological progress. The need for an innovative and effective school administration capable of managing change and employing technology in administrative work.
modern technology, education, challenges, principals