The subject of research of this work is migration from BiH from the end of the 20th century until today. The aim of the study is to analyze the consequences of total migration and other demographic losses in BiH, that have reached the highest percent of migration during the nineties of the20th century in Europe after the Second World War. The results of the research show that migration demographic losses were approximately 25% of nowadays population number in BiH. The long-term effects of emigration came to the fore. By emigration of the most vital age groups has led to the reduction of fertile cohorts, which results in a decrease in birth, increase in mortality rates and population aging. In the first decade of this century, there was a negative birth rate. Several factors have had influence to the biological (natural) depopulation and the first one was emigration. Continuous and intense emigration was one of the main cause why BiH was in the group of European countries with expressed population aging. After the 20th century where population of BiH was doubled, 21st century was marked by the total depopulation. Among various factors that have an influence to the demographic perspective of BiH, the most important is negative migration balance. The social impact of migration in BiH is visible and multidimensional. War and post-war changes have led to the sensibility of many groups to economical and political turmoil that resulted in lag in the overall development.
Publication Date : December 18, 2016
|EndNote||%0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences MIGRATION LOSSES OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND DEMOGRAPHIC AGING %A Stevo PASALİC , Darko PASALİC %T MIGRATION LOSSES OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA AND DEMOGRAPHIC AGING %D 2016 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 2 %N 6 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.280343 %U 10.18769/ijasos.280343|