Year 2016, Volume 2 , Issue 4, Pages 212 - 221 2016-04-22


Badariah Ab Rahman [1] , Dzurizah Ibrahim [2] , Rosazman Hussin [3]

Employee Participation (EP) is an important area of research in the field of industrial relations and employment relations. Extensive literature review has argued that EP has the capacity to enhance the quality of decision making by broadening inputs, promotes commitment to the outcomes of the decision making process, improves motivation, cooperation and communication in the workplace. EP also may reduce workloads of supervisors, encourage skill development in the workforce, and can contribute to improved employment relations in general. For that matter,  the issue of EP in decision making has attracted the interest among management scholars, industrial relations researchers and managers in organizations as well  especially in promoting partnership between employer-employee work relationship. EP has been practiced in the private sector; however there is a broad gap on the importance of EP in the public sector.  Therefore, the objective of this paper is to explore on the effectiveness of EP in the public sector from the academic, employers and trade union’s perspectives. The finding of this research has some implication to the industrial relations system and practices in in the public sector in Malaysia.

Keywords: employee participation, public sector, decision making

  • Abdullah Sanusi, A. (1997). Public Administration Reform in Malaysia: A Developing Country Perspective. In Proceedings of the Governance: Promoting Sound Development Management Seminar.
  • Aminuddin, M. (2007). Essential of Employment and Industrial Relations. Kuala Lumpur: McGraw Hill.
  • Ariff, M., & Iyer, T. K. K. (1995). “Privatization, Public Sector Reforms and Development Strategies of Developing Countries”. Asian Journal of Public Administration, 17(2), 322-344.
  • Cabrera, E. F., Ortega, J., & Cabrera, Á. (2003). “An Exploration of the Factors That Influence Employee Participation in Europe”. Journal of World Business, 38(1), 43-54.
  • Idrus, D. B. (2001). An Examination of the Contending Factors Shaping the Role of the State in Malaysian Industrial Relations (Doctoral dissertation, University of Stirling).
  • Karim, M. R. B. A. (1995). “Improving the Efficiency of the Public Sector: A Case-Study of Malaysia”. Consultant to the Department for Development Support and Management Service of the United Nations Secretariat, 5.
  • Kelly, D. (1999). “10 Making a Good Case: The Case Study”. Researching Industrial Relations, 119.
  • Legal Research Board. (1967). Industrial Relations Act. Kuala Lumpur: International Law Book Services.
  • Mansur, K., Kasim, M., & Ahmad, A. (2009). Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS): Towards Maximizing the Potential of its Human Resource Development (HRD)
  • Mitchell, J.C. (1983). “Case and Situation Analysis”. Sociology Review, 31(2), 187-211.
  • Mohamad, M. (1991). “The Way Forward Vision 2020”. Retrieved from Wawasan 2020:
  • Parasuraman, B., & Jones, M. L. (2006). “Joint Consultative Committee in the Malaysian Postal Industry”. Faculty of Commerce-Papers, 45.
  • Parasuraman, B. (2007). “An Examination of Employee Participation in the Private Sector: Malaysian Case Studies”. University of Wollongong Thesis Collection, 20.
  • Parasuraman, B. (2004). Malaysian Industrial Relations: A Critical Analysis. Prentice Hall/Pearson.
  • Parasuraman, B. (2005). Communication and Consultation in Malaysia: Impact of the 1975 Code of Conduct”. Reworking, 431.
  • Parasuraman, B. (2006).Hubungan industri di Malaysia: pendekatan dan amalan. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
  • Rasiah, R. (1995). “Labour and Industrialization in Malaysia”. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 25(1), 73-92.
  • Rose, R. C. (2002). Japanese-Style Management Abroad: The Case of Malaysian Subsidiaries. Prentice Hall.
  • Salamon, M. (1998). Industrial Relations Theory and Practice (3rd Ed.). Hertfordshire: Prentice Hall.
  • Strauss, G. (2006). “Worker Participation-Some Under-Considered Issues”. Industrial Relations Journal, Vol 45. No 4 (778-803) University of California, Blackwell Publishing: United Kingdom.
  • Yin, R. (2003). Case Study Research: Design and Methods (3rd Ed). Sage Publication, United Kingdom
  • Zin, R. M. (1998). Participative Decision Making in the Public Sector. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Primary Language en
Journal Section Articles

Author: Badariah Ab Rahman

Author: Dzurizah Ibrahim

Author: Rosazman Hussin


Publication Date : April 22, 2016

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC SECTOR IN MALAYSIA %A Badariah Ab Rahman , Dzurizah Ibrahim , Rosazman Hussin %T ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN AND EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN PUBLIC SECTOR IN MALAYSIA %D 2016 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 2 %N 4 %R %U