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THE CONCEPT OF "WAR" IN RUSSIAN LITERATURE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

Olga Evdokimova1, Irina K. Ivanova2*, Larisa Lyapaeva3, Nataliia Obzhogina4, Lyudmila Sarbash5, Svetlana Fedyay6

1Assoc. Prof., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, evdokimova.ok@mail.ru

2Assoc. Prof., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, leocon2@yandex.ru

3Assoc. Prof., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, lar.lyapaeva@yandex.ru

4Sen. Lect., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, obnatur@gmail.com

5Prof. Dr., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA,sarbash.lu@yandex.ru

6Assoc. Prof., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, sfedyaj09@mail.ru

*Corresponding Author

Abstract

In this article, from the standpoint of studying the value paradigm of literature as one of the most striking forms of art that affect the consciousness and soul of man, the spiritual and moral problems of domestic prose devoted to the theme of war are considered. On the example of creativity of writers of the XX century - B. Lavrenev (1891-1960),M. Sholokhov (1905 – 1984), Yu.Buida (b. in 1954), G. Yahinoy (b. in 1977) analyzes the figurative-symbolic and moral-philosophical content of the concept of "war", which allows to reveal one of the main tragedies of the XX century not as an ideological conflict of the warring parties, but as a conflict in the human soul. In this regard, the article touches upon the problem of traditions and innovations in the depiction of the war itself and man in the dramatic circumstances of the war in Russian classical literature. Based on the concept of concept, the authors show that the chronotope of war is not limited to historical events, but includes, first of all, human consciousness, regardless of its nationality. The binary structure of the world, created by war, unwittingly leads to a confrontation between "their" and "others". In the article on the example of works of different genres (novel, tale, short story) and different periods of the XX century the features of the image of the inner nature of a person, a person with his complex inner world caused by the events of the war are investigated. In the course of the analysis, the authors emphasize that the conflict caused by war in the soul and consciousness continues to live in man after the end of the war, defining his life within the framework of existential concepts or existence at the level of animal primitivism. The work builds a lexical synonymous series, which allows to show the commonality and differences in the understanding and attitude to the war as a human tragedy in Russian prose.

Keywords: Russian artistic prose of the XX - beginning of the XXI century, concept, war, man, “one's own” and “another's”.


FULL TEXT FILE

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.616027

IJASOS International e-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Peer-reviewed international Academic Journal, ISSN: 2411-183X

Vol. VI, ISSUE:16; April 2020

Publication date: 30.04.2020