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TRANSNATIONAL CRIME AS A THREAT TO THE WORLD COMMUNITY

 

Olga Kuznetsova1*, Vera Shuniaeva2 and Maryus Murkshtis3

1Ass. Prof. Olga Kuznetsova, RUDN University, Russia, kuznetsova-ola@rudn.ru

2Ass. Prof. Vera Shuniaeva, Tambov State University named after Derzhavin, Russia, Vera1705@mail.ru

3Ass. Prof. Maryus Murkshtis, RUDN University, Russia, murkshtis-my@rudn.ru

*Corresponding Author

 

 

Abstract

Transnational crime, unlimited by any barriers of a national or legal level, is currently acquiring the status of a supranational criminal phenomenon. Even though transnational crime harms the development of various countries, the number of which is continuously increasing, there is no clear and effective strategy to counter this type of crime. Transnational crime not only develops together with the world society but also accumulates the latest achievements of a technical and economic, political and other nature for its criminal purposes, which bring this type of crime to a new level. This level is often higher than the capabilities of law enforcement agencies of either a particular country or law enforcement syndicates in several countries. The study of transnational crime is given serious attention in the works of domestic and foreign authors; however, they lack a comprehensive approach that will help to generalize the most significant proposals and conclusions. Thus, it is necessary to study the best practices of various countries that successfully counter international organized crime.

This article explores not only the theoretical aspects of transnational crime, reflecting its main features, but also analyzes the reasons for its continual development from the current state of the world community, and also updates the most effective countermeasures. At the same time, the article addresses the problematic aspects of the fight against transnational crime.

The goal is achieved by solving the following tasks:

- Explore the main approaches to the study of transnational crime both in Russia and abroad;

- Identify the most common types of transnational crime that have a negative impact on a significant number of states;

- Study the development trends of transnational crime;

- Propose several measures aimed at countering transnational crime both in Russia and abroad.

The results of the study can be used in developing practical measures to counter transnational crime, in research activities to stimulate discussion on the most problematic issues of transnational crime, in teaching activities in the preparation of lecture and practical material on the subject “Criminology”.

Keywords: transnational crime, internationalization, types of transnational crime, countering transnational crime.


FULL TEXT FILE

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.616020

IJASOS International e-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Peer-reviewed international Academic Journal, ISSN: 2411-183X

Vol. VI, ISSUE:16; April 2020

Publication date: 30.04.2020