Research Article
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THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL ISSUES OF THE DECENTRALIZATION OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY

Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 23, 445 - 455, 04.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1144390

Abstract

Integrated territorial investments are a fundamentally new approach to the implementation of regional policy. The approach requires decentralization of the decision-making process and active participation of citizens in this process. The bottom-up approach involves identifying the needs of the community and looking for alternatives to meet those needs. The choice of the best alternative, ie. the choice of a specific measure or project implies the application of adequate working mechanisms to ensure the involvement of the general public. There are various theories about how to encourage and motivate citizens to participate in public decisions that have a direct impact on them and their way of life. Different strategies and approaches are applied, their effectiveness is different, and it is difficult to find a universal solution. The aim of this article is to bring out the main theoretical and conceptual issues related to the role, importance, tools for civic participation in public policy-making processes in general and in relation to regional policy in particular. On this basis, an iterative model for applying the bottom-up approach to inclusion in integrated planning will be proposed. Content analysis of documents and empirical research will outline the main steps that would be useful in the process of decentralization and promoting participation. Based on the deduction and induction, the main barriers and limiting factors will be identified, which so far hinder the more active participation of civil society, business and other organizations in the process of making decisions for regional development. The aim is to outline the main groups of constraints and to suggest possible reactions to them. The framework for decentralization of the process of regional development and stakeholder involvement will be outlined, as well as good practices, existing hypotheses about the commitment of public institutions to ensure inclusion, opportunities to build an environment that ensures a high degree of integration of public policies.

References

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  • Ambrose , K. (2013). Decentralization and Citizens’ Participation: Some Theoretical and Conceptual Perspectives. African Review Vol. 40, No. 2, 215-239.
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  • Burns,, D., Hambleto, R., & Hoggett, P. (1994). The Politics of Decentralization: Revitalising Local Democracy. Public and Politics, Houndmills:Macmillan.
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU. (2016). Извлечено от https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/BG/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:12016P/TXT&from=EN
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  • Collins, K., & Ison, R. (2009). Jumping Off Arnstein’s Ladder: Social Learning as a New Policy Paradigm for Climate Change Adaptation. Environmental Policy and Governance, 19, стр. 358–373.
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  • Guide for evaluating participatory processes. Short Guides for citizen participation 3. (June 2013 r.). Извлечено от http://www.gencat.cat/governacio/pub/sum/qdem/guiesbreus_3_ang.pdf
  • Hristova, A., & Andreeva, D. (2018). Civic activity with variable success. Bulgarian Center for Non-Profit Law, Sofiq. INGO Conference. (1 October 2009 r.). Code of good practice for civic participation in the decision-making process. Извлечено от http://infopass.eu/cause/images/11_Kodex_dobri_praktiki.pdf
  • Kelly, M. (1999). Openness and Transparency in Governance: Challenges and Opportunities. NISPAcee.
  • Kraft, M., & Furlong, S. (2020). Public Policy: Politics Analysis and Alternatives. 7th Edition, CQPress,.
  • Law on local self-government and local administration. (2021). Извлечено от https://www.lex.bg/bg/laws/ldoc/2132580865 Law on the Administrative and Territorial Organization of the Republic of Bulgaria. (2021). Извлечено от https://www.lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2133622784
  • Levinson, M. (2010). The Civic Empowerment Gap: Defining the Problem and Locating Solutions. От Handbook of Research on Civic Engagement (стр. 331-361). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Litvack, J., & Seddon, J. (1999). Decentralisation: Briefing Notes. Washington, DC: World Bank Institute.
  • Mechanisms and proposals for improving the environment for civic participation in the field of healthcare. (2019). Извлечено от https://bapemed.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/podobryavane-na-sredata-za-grazhdansko-uchastie-v-zdraveopazvaneto.pdf
  • Mihaylov, A. (2012). Decentralization in Bulgaria or how to put things in the right places? Cities & Regions Magazine, no. 6.
  • Najam, A. (2000). The Four C's of Government–Third Sector Relations. Non-Profit Management and Leadership. vol.10, №4.
  • Rebell, M. (2018). Chapter One. The Civic Participation Crisis— and the Civic Empowerment Gap. От Flunking Democracy: Schools, Courts, and Civic Participation (стр. 13-33). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)14 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the legal status of non-governmental organisations in Europe. (10 October 2007 r.). Извлечено от https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/result_details.aspx?ObjectID=09000016805d534d
  • Rocha, E. (1997). Ladder of Empowerment. Journal of Planning Education and Research , 17, 31–44.
  • Rowe, G., & Frewer, L. (2005). A Typology of Public Engagement Mechanisms Science. Technology, & Human Values 30,, 251-90.
  • Therkildsen, O. (1988). Watering White Elephants? Lessons from Donor Funded Planning and Implementation of Rural Water Supplies in Tanzania. Centre for Development Research Publications 7, Uppsala: Scandinavia Institute of African Studies.
  • White, S. (1996). Depoliticising Development: The Uses and Abuses of Participation. Development in Practice, Vol. 6 No.1, стр. pp. 6–15.

Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 23, 445 - 455, 04.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.1144390

Abstract

References

  • Agrawal, А., & Ribot, J. (1999). Accountability in Decentralization: A Framework with South Asian and West African Cases. Journal of Developing Areas 33, 473-502.
  • Ambrose , K. (2013). Decentralization and Citizens’ Participation: Some Theoretical and Conceptual Perspectives. African Review Vol. 40, No. 2, 215-239.
  • Analyzes and models for improving citizen participation in the processes of formulation, implementation and monitoring of regional policy. (2019). Извлечено от https://www.ftr-bg.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/14_%D0%90%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B8-%D0%B8-%D0%BC%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B8-%D0%B7%D0%B0-%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B1%D1%80%D1%8F%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B5-%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%B3%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%
  • Arnstein, S. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal of the Royal Town Planning Institute 35, 4, 216-24.
  • Burns,, D., Hambleto, R., & Hoggett, P. (1994). The Politics of Decentralization: Revitalising Local Democracy. Public and Politics, Houndmills:Macmillan.
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU. (2016). Извлечено от https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/BG/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:12016P/TXT&from=EN
  • Cheema, G., & Rondinelli, D. (2007). From Government Decentralization to Decentralized Governance. От Decentralizing Governance: Emerging Concepts and Practices (стр. 170-188). Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Code of good practice for civic participation in the decision-making process. (October 2009 r.). Извлечено от https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=09000016802eed5a
  • Collins, K., & Ison, R. (2009). Jumping Off Arnstein’s Ladder: Social Learning as a New Policy Paradigm for Climate Change Adaptation. Environmental Policy and Governance, 19, стр. 358–373.
  • Consolidated Version of the Treaty on EU. (2012). Извлечено от https://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:2bf140bf-a3f8-4ab2-b506-fd71826e6da6.0023.02/DOC_1&format=PDF
  • Council of Ministers of the Republic of Bulgaria. (2010). Standards for public consultation. Извлечено от file:///C:/Users/Owner/Downloads/standarti.pdf
  • Daynov, E. (2021). Civic participation. University Dictionary of the New Bulgarian University. Извлечено от https://nbu-rechnik.nbu.bg/bg/obsht-spisyk-na-ponqtiq/gra-zh-dansko-u-ch-astie
  • European Charter of Local Self - Government. (2017). Извлечено от https://rm.coe.int/the-congress-booklet-european-charter-of-local-self-government-bulgari/168098bb4f
  • European strategy for innovation and good governance at local level. (2007). Извлечено от https://www.mrrb.bg/bg/administrativno-teritorialno-ustrojstvo/dobro-demokratichno-upravlenie/evropejska-strategiya-za-inovacii-i-dobro-upravlenie-na-mestno-nivo/
  • Guide for evaluating participatory processes. Short Guides for citizen participation 3. (June 2013 r.). Извлечено от http://www.gencat.cat/governacio/pub/sum/qdem/guiesbreus_3_ang.pdf
  • Hristova, A., & Andreeva, D. (2018). Civic activity with variable success. Bulgarian Center for Non-Profit Law, Sofiq. INGO Conference. (1 October 2009 r.). Code of good practice for civic participation in the decision-making process. Извлечено от http://infopass.eu/cause/images/11_Kodex_dobri_praktiki.pdf
  • Kelly, M. (1999). Openness and Transparency in Governance: Challenges and Opportunities. NISPAcee.
  • Kraft, M., & Furlong, S. (2020). Public Policy: Politics Analysis and Alternatives. 7th Edition, CQPress,.
  • Law on local self-government and local administration. (2021). Извлечено от https://www.lex.bg/bg/laws/ldoc/2132580865 Law on the Administrative and Territorial Organization of the Republic of Bulgaria. (2021). Извлечено от https://www.lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2133622784
  • Levinson, M. (2010). The Civic Empowerment Gap: Defining the Problem and Locating Solutions. От Handbook of Research on Civic Engagement (стр. 331-361). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Litvack, J., & Seddon, J. (1999). Decentralisation: Briefing Notes. Washington, DC: World Bank Institute.
  • Mechanisms and proposals for improving the environment for civic participation in the field of healthcare. (2019). Извлечено от https://bapemed.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/podobryavane-na-sredata-za-grazhdansko-uchastie-v-zdraveopazvaneto.pdf
  • Mihaylov, A. (2012). Decentralization in Bulgaria or how to put things in the right places? Cities & Regions Magazine, no. 6.
  • Najam, A. (2000). The Four C's of Government–Third Sector Relations. Non-Profit Management and Leadership. vol.10, №4.
  • Rebell, M. (2018). Chapter One. The Civic Participation Crisis— and the Civic Empowerment Gap. От Flunking Democracy: Schools, Courts, and Civic Participation (стр. 13-33). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Recommendation CM/Rec(2007)14 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the legal status of non-governmental organisations in Europe. (10 October 2007 r.). Извлечено от https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/result_details.aspx?ObjectID=09000016805d534d
  • Rocha, E. (1997). Ladder of Empowerment. Journal of Planning Education and Research , 17, 31–44.
  • Rowe, G., & Frewer, L. (2005). A Typology of Public Engagement Mechanisms Science. Technology, & Human Values 30,, 251-90.
  • Therkildsen, O. (1988). Watering White Elephants? Lessons from Donor Funded Planning and Implementation of Rural Water Supplies in Tanzania. Centre for Development Research Publications 7, Uppsala: Scandinavia Institute of African Studies.
  • White, S. (1996). Depoliticising Development: The Uses and Abuses of Participation. Development in Practice, Vol. 6 No.1, стр. pp. 6–15.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Evelina PARASHKEVOVA> (Primary Author)
D. A. Tsenov Academy of Economics
Bulgaria


борислав БОРИСОВ>
D. A. Tsenov Academy of Economics
0000-0002-0350-7929
Bulgaria


Yuliyan GOSPODİNOV>
D. A. Tsenov Academy of Economics
Bulgaria


Mariela STOYANOVA>
D. A. Tsenov Academy of Economics
Bulgaria

Publication Date September 4, 2022
Application Date July 16, 2022
Acceptance Date August 2, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 8, Issue 23

Cite

EndNote %0 IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL ISSUES OF THE DECENTRALIZATION OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY %A Evelina Parashkevova , борислав Борисов , Yuliyan Gospodinov , Mariela Stoyanova %T THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL ISSUES OF THE DECENTRALIZATION OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY %D 2022 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 8 %N 23 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.1144390 %U 10.18769/ijasos.1144390

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