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ENERGY LITERACY, RECYCLING AND RATIONAL USE OF MATERIALS IN THE DAILY LIFE IN STUDENTS OF THE FIFTH CLASS PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF AN URBAN AREA

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 20, 405 - 413, 06.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.961175

Öz

Decreasing the ecological impact, through the reduction or non-use of material and energy, is an important modern educational challenge in the context of education for sustainable development. Information, environmental awareness and enhancing students' critical thinking shape tomorrow's critically-minded adult citizens. The purpose of this research is to capture and highlight the basic knowledge, perceptions and daily practices of using material and, indirectly, energy, in the daily lives of children, counting their existing energy literacy. It was implemented in 132 students of Fifth Grade of three primary schools in an urban area of Rhodes using a questionnaire of 19 closed-ended questions. The data were analyzed with the statistical program SPSS 23 and are presented descriptively. The results of the study show that the bicycle was chosen by a limited number of children, as an environmentally friendly mean of transportation. However, yet, many children travel on foot to and from school, contributing significantly to saving resources. Also, according to their statements, they save a lot of water in their various daily personal uses, such as brushing their teeth, their faces, using a shower for their physical hygiene and washing their family car. Nevertheless, they use an extensive amount of bottled water as drinking water, resulting the deterioration of the issue plastic production and management. Although they know a lot about the issue of transporting food from distant areas, they still consume a lot of such foods in their daily life, while vegetarianism is extremely rare as a way of eating, as well as their knowledge about local seasonal fruits. They, also, state that there is a very significant degree of recycling and separation of materials in the school units they attend, while in their homes it is implemented to a lesser degree compared to schools. Furthermore, while the recycling of light bulbs is generally carried out to a significant degree, their placement to special lamp bins instead of light glass bins in ordinary glass bins is sometimes confused. This is also the case for batteries. When it comes to printing files on a printer, there is generally good paper handling and reuse, but not enough ink savings. Also, from their statements, it appears that packaging materials are taken into account to a significant extent when purchasing products. Overall, there is quite environmentally friendly behaviour which, of course, needs to be reinforced with specialized teaching approaches in the context of education for sustainable development and a possible final repetition of the study at a later time for the evaluation of interventions in the context of energy literacy.

Kaynakça

  • Abdel-Shafy, I.Η. & Mansour, SM. Μ. (2018). Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 27(4), 1275-1290.
  • Aguilar-Jurado, M.A., Gil-Madrona, P., Ortega-Dato, J.F. & Zamorano-García, D. (2019). Effects of an Educational Glass Recycling Program against Environmental Pollution in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, 5108.
  • Aither. (2018). A Guide to Managing Water for the Environment (a framing paper for the High Level Panel on Water). Australian Water Partnership, Canberra.
  • Akitsu, Y., Ishihara, K. N., Okumura, H. & Yamasueb, E. (2017). Investigating Energy Literacy and its Structural Model for Lower Secondary Students in Japan. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 12(5), 1067-1095.
  • Brusarosco, A. (2015). Individual daily choices for mitigation. Αccessed 1-12-2020 from: CLICHA: 8.2 Individual daily choices for mitigation (sameworld.eu) Cleveland, C., & Morris, C. (2009). Dictionary of Energy: Expanded Edition. Elsevier Science.
  • Correljé, A. & van der Linde, C. (2006). Energy supply security and geopolitics: A European perspective. Energy Policy, 34(5), 532-543.
  • Cotton, R. E. D., Miller, W., Winter, J., Bailey, I. & Sterling, S. (2015). “Developing students’ energy literacy in higher education”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16(4), 456-473.
  • D’Agosto, de A. M. (2019). Chapter 7 - Noise pollution, vibration, visual intrusion, and emission of solid and liquid waste. Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts Elsevier, p. 259-280. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128134542000076
  • Densley Tingley, D. & Davison, B. (2011). Design for deconstruction and material reuse. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy, 164(4), 195-204. ISSN 1751-4223, E-ISSN 1751-4231.
  • DeWaters, J. & Powers, S. (2008). Energy literacy among middle and high school youth. 38th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference, Saratoga Springs, NY, USA, 2008, pp. T2F-6-T2F-11, doi: 10.1109/FIE.2008.4720280.
  • Dobravec, V., Matak. N., Sakulin, C. & Krajačić, G. (2021). Multilevel governance energy planning and policy: a view on local energy initiatives. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 11(2), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-020-00277-y
  • Edenhofer, O., Pichs-Madruga, R., Sokona, Y., Seyboth, K., Matschoss, P., Kadner, S. & von Stechow, C. (2011). Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139151153
  • Energy Information Administration (ΕΙΑ - U.S.). (2016). International Energy Outlook, 2016.
  • Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). (2016). Wastes- WasteWise Program. Environmental Factoids. Available online: https://archive.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/smm/wastewise/web/html/factoid.html [Accessed: December 3, 2020].
  • European Commission, EC. (2016). Study on the Energy Saving Potential of Increasing Resource Efficiency - Final Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-79-62226-7.
  • European Environment Agency (Ε.Ε.Α, 2019). Energy. https://www.eea.europa.eu/el/themes/energy/intro [Accessed: December 8, 2019].
  • Ferronato, N. & Torretta, V. (2019). Waste Mismanagement in Developing Countries: A Review of Global Issues International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(6), 1060.
  • Grosse, F. & Mainguy, G. (2010). Is recycling “part of the solution”? The role of recycling in an expanding society and a world of finite resources. S.A.P.I.EN.S [Online], 3(1). https://journals.openedition.org/sapiens/906
  • Guerrero, L.A, Maas G. & Hogland W.(2013). Solid waste management for cities in developing contries, Waste Management, 33(1), 220-132.
  • Hanania, J., Stenhouse, K. & Donev, J. (2018). Energy Education - Embodied energy [Online]. Available: https://energyeducation.ca/encyclopedia/Embodied_energy. [Accessed: February 14, 2021].
  • Hengel, D. (2019). The Geopolitics of Energy. Available online: http://www.afsa.org/sites/default/files/syllabus-geopolitics-of-energy-fall-2019.pdf [Accessed: December 3, 2020].
  • Henke, I., Cartenì, A., Molitierno, C. & Errico, A. (2020). Decision-Making in the Transport Sector: A Sustainable Evaluation Method for Road Infrastructure. Sustainability, 12(3), 764, doi:10.3390/su12030764
  • Kavvada, O., Horvath, A., Stokes-Draut, J., Hendrickson, T. P., Eisenstein, W. A. & Nelson, K. L. (2016). Assessing Location and Scale of Urban Nonpotable Water Reuse Systems for LifeCycle Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(24), 13184–13194.
  • Khalil, M. (2018). How Small Choices You Make on a Daily Basis Impact Global Environment Available online: https://infonile.org/en/2018/07/environmental-consciousness-a-guide/
  • Lefkeli, S., Manolas, E., Ioannou, K. & Tsantopoulos, G. (2018). Socio-Cultural Impact of Energy Saving: Studying the Behaviour of Elementary School Students in Greece. Sustainability, 10(3), 737. doi:10.3390/su10030737
  • Manisalidis, I., Stavropoulou, E., Stavropoulos, A. & Bezirtzoglou, E. (2020). Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A Review. Frontiers in Public Health, 8(14). doi:10.3389/fpubh.2020.00014
  • Maqbool, R., Deng, X. & Rashid, Y. (2020). Stakeholders’ satisfaction as a key determinant of critical success factors in renewable energy projects. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 10(28). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-020-00259-0
  • Martins, A., Madaleno, M. & Dias, F.M. (2020). Energy literacy: What is out there to know?. Energy Reports, 6 (1), 454-459, ISSN 2352-4847.
  • Minghua, Z., Xiumin, F., Rovetta, A., Qichang, H., Vicentini, F., Bingkai, L., Giusti, A. & Yi, L. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in Pudong New Area, China. Waste Management, 29(3), 1227-1233.
  • Ntona, E., Arabatzis, G. & Kyriakopoulos, G. L. (2015). Energy saving: Views and attitudes of students in secondary education. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 46, 1-15.
  • Ole Gunnar, A. (2018). Concepts of Geopolitics and Energy Security. IAEE Energy Forum Second Quarter 2018. IAEE Energy Forum (pp.25-28.) Edition 1, Chapter 3, Publisher: International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE).
  • Owusu, A. P. & Asumadu-Sarkodie, S. (2016). A review of renewable energy sources, sustainability issues and climate change mitigation. Cogent Engineering, 3: 1167990.
  • Papavasileiou, V. (2015). Sustainable Development and Education: A multidimensional relationship. Athens: Diadrasi. (in Greek)
  • Papavasileiou, V., Nikolaou, E., Xanthacou, Y. Papadomarkakis, I., Matzanos, D. & Kaila, M. (2017). Student preschool teachers' views about the pedagogical context of sustainable kindergarten. Proceedings of INTCESS 2017 4th International Conference on Education and Social Sciences. Istanbul, Turkey, 6-8 February, 2017.
  • Papavasileiou, V., Nikolaou, E., Xanthacou, Y., Xanthis, A., Matzanos, D. & Kaila, M. (2018). Organization - pedagogical use of the spaces in the sustainable kindergarten: views of preschool education graduate students. IJAEDU- International E-Journal of Advances in Education, Vol. IV, Issue 12, 245-250, http://ijaedu.ocerintjournals.org /download/article-file/615354
  • Poore, J. & Nemecek, T. (2018). Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers. Science, 360 (6392), 987-992.
  • Ritchie, H. (2020). Environmental impacts of food production Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved 2.12.2020 from: https://ourworldindata.org/environmental-impacts-of-food [Online Resource]
  • Ritchie, Η. (2019). Clean Water”. Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved 2.12.2020 from: https://ourworldindata.org/water-access [Online Resource].
  • Scarlat, N., Fahl, F. & Dallemand, J-F. (2019). Status and Opportunities for Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Europe. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 10, 2425–2444.
  • Stulz, R., Tanner, S. & René Sigg, R. (2011). Chapter 16 - Swiss 2000-Watt Society: A Sustainable Energy Vision for the Future. Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, p. 477-496, ISBN 9780123851369.
  • Supasa, T., Hsiau S-S., Lin S-M., Wongsapai, W. & Wu, J-C. (2017). Household Energy Consumption Behaviour for Different Demographic Regions in Thailand from 2000 to 2010. Sustainability, 9, 2328. doi:10.3390/su9122328.
  • Tukker, A. & Jansen, B. Environment impacts of products-A detailed review of studies. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10 (3), 159–182.
  • Tuladhar, R. & Yin, S. (2019). Sustainability of using recycled plastic fiber in concrete. In (eds) F. Pacheco-Torgal, J. Khatib, F. Colangelo. & R. Tuladhar, Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete, 441-460, Woodhead Publishing.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA US (xx). Water Reuse and Recycling: Community and Environmental Benefits. Αccessed 1.12.2020, https://www3.epa.gov/region9/water/recycling/#benefits
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA. (xx). Wastes - WasteWise Program. Environmental Factoids. Αccessed 1.12.2020 https://archive.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/smm/wastewise/web/html/factoid.html
  • United Nations. (χχ). The Ecology of Recycling. Αccessed 1-12-2020 from: https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/ecology-recycling
  • Vezzoli, C., Ceschin, F., Osanjo, L., M’Rithaa, K. M., Moalosi, R., Nakazibwe, V. & Diehl, J. C. (2018). Designing Sustainable Energy for All: Energy and Sustainable Development, p. 3-22. Springer, Cham.
  • Warunasinghe, W. A. A. I. & Yapa, P. I. (2016). A survey on household solid waste management (SWM) with special reference to a peri-urban area (Kottawa) in Colombo. Procedia Food Science, 6, 257 – 260.
  • Weber, L.C. & Matthews, H.S. (2008). Food-Miles and the Relative Climate Impacts of Food Choices in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(10).
  • World Petroleum Council. (2020). Alternative Transport Fuels - Courtesy of AIP. Αccessed 1-12-2020 http://www.world-petroleum.org/technology/202-alternative-transport-fuels-courtesy-of-aip
  • Young, J. T. (2015). Questionnaires and Surveys. In (ed) Z. Hua, Research Methods in Intercultural Communication: A Practical Guide, Wiley-Blackwell, 163-180.

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 20, 405 - 413, 06.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.961175

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Abdel-Shafy, I.Η. & Mansour, SM. Μ. (2018). Solid waste issue: Sources, composition, disposal, recycling, and valorization. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 27(4), 1275-1290.
  • Aguilar-Jurado, M.A., Gil-Madrona, P., Ortega-Dato, J.F. & Zamorano-García, D. (2019). Effects of an Educational Glass Recycling Program against Environmental Pollution in Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, 5108.
  • Aither. (2018). A Guide to Managing Water for the Environment (a framing paper for the High Level Panel on Water). Australian Water Partnership, Canberra.
  • Akitsu, Y., Ishihara, K. N., Okumura, H. & Yamasueb, E. (2017). Investigating Energy Literacy and its Structural Model for Lower Secondary Students in Japan. International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, 12(5), 1067-1095.
  • Brusarosco, A. (2015). Individual daily choices for mitigation. Αccessed 1-12-2020 from: CLICHA: 8.2 Individual daily choices for mitigation (sameworld.eu) Cleveland, C., & Morris, C. (2009). Dictionary of Energy: Expanded Edition. Elsevier Science.
  • Correljé, A. & van der Linde, C. (2006). Energy supply security and geopolitics: A European perspective. Energy Policy, 34(5), 532-543.
  • Cotton, R. E. D., Miller, W., Winter, J., Bailey, I. & Sterling, S. (2015). “Developing students’ energy literacy in higher education”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16(4), 456-473.
  • D’Agosto, de A. M. (2019). Chapter 7 - Noise pollution, vibration, visual intrusion, and emission of solid and liquid waste. Transportation, Energy Use and Environmental Impacts Elsevier, p. 259-280. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128134542000076
  • Densley Tingley, D. & Davison, B. (2011). Design for deconstruction and material reuse. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy, 164(4), 195-204. ISSN 1751-4223, E-ISSN 1751-4231.
  • DeWaters, J. & Powers, S. (2008). Energy literacy among middle and high school youth. 38th Annual Frontiers in Education Conference, Saratoga Springs, NY, USA, 2008, pp. T2F-6-T2F-11, doi: 10.1109/FIE.2008.4720280.
  • Dobravec, V., Matak. N., Sakulin, C. & Krajačić, G. (2021). Multilevel governance energy planning and policy: a view on local energy initiatives. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 11(2), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-020-00277-y
  • Edenhofer, O., Pichs-Madruga, R., Sokona, Y., Seyboth, K., Matschoss, P., Kadner, S. & von Stechow, C. (2011). Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139151153
  • Energy Information Administration (ΕΙΑ - U.S.). (2016). International Energy Outlook, 2016.
  • Environmental Protection Agency, (EPA). (2016). Wastes- WasteWise Program. Environmental Factoids. Available online: https://archive.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/smm/wastewise/web/html/factoid.html [Accessed: December 3, 2020].
  • European Commission, EC. (2016). Study on the Energy Saving Potential of Increasing Resource Efficiency - Final Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. ISBN 978-92-79-62226-7.
  • European Environment Agency (Ε.Ε.Α, 2019). Energy. https://www.eea.europa.eu/el/themes/energy/intro [Accessed: December 8, 2019].
  • Ferronato, N. & Torretta, V. (2019). Waste Mismanagement in Developing Countries: A Review of Global Issues International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(6), 1060.
  • Grosse, F. & Mainguy, G. (2010). Is recycling “part of the solution”? The role of recycling in an expanding society and a world of finite resources. S.A.P.I.EN.S [Online], 3(1). https://journals.openedition.org/sapiens/906
  • Guerrero, L.A, Maas G. & Hogland W.(2013). Solid waste management for cities in developing contries, Waste Management, 33(1), 220-132.
  • Hanania, J., Stenhouse, K. & Donev, J. (2018). Energy Education - Embodied energy [Online]. Available: https://energyeducation.ca/encyclopedia/Embodied_energy. [Accessed: February 14, 2021].
  • Hengel, D. (2019). The Geopolitics of Energy. Available online: http://www.afsa.org/sites/default/files/syllabus-geopolitics-of-energy-fall-2019.pdf [Accessed: December 3, 2020].
  • Henke, I., Cartenì, A., Molitierno, C. & Errico, A. (2020). Decision-Making in the Transport Sector: A Sustainable Evaluation Method for Road Infrastructure. Sustainability, 12(3), 764, doi:10.3390/su12030764
  • Kavvada, O., Horvath, A., Stokes-Draut, J., Hendrickson, T. P., Eisenstein, W. A. & Nelson, K. L. (2016). Assessing Location and Scale of Urban Nonpotable Water Reuse Systems for LifeCycle Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(24), 13184–13194.
  • Khalil, M. (2018). How Small Choices You Make on a Daily Basis Impact Global Environment Available online: https://infonile.org/en/2018/07/environmental-consciousness-a-guide/
  • Lefkeli, S., Manolas, E., Ioannou, K. & Tsantopoulos, G. (2018). Socio-Cultural Impact of Energy Saving: Studying the Behaviour of Elementary School Students in Greece. Sustainability, 10(3), 737. doi:10.3390/su10030737
  • Manisalidis, I., Stavropoulou, E., Stavropoulos, A. & Bezirtzoglou, E. (2020). Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A Review. Frontiers in Public Health, 8(14). doi:10.3389/fpubh.2020.00014
  • Maqbool, R., Deng, X. & Rashid, Y. (2020). Stakeholders’ satisfaction as a key determinant of critical success factors in renewable energy projects. Energy, Sustainability and Society, 10(28). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13705-020-00259-0
  • Martins, A., Madaleno, M. & Dias, F.M. (2020). Energy literacy: What is out there to know?. Energy Reports, 6 (1), 454-459, ISSN 2352-4847.
  • Minghua, Z., Xiumin, F., Rovetta, A., Qichang, H., Vicentini, F., Bingkai, L., Giusti, A. & Yi, L. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in Pudong New Area, China. Waste Management, 29(3), 1227-1233.
  • Ntona, E., Arabatzis, G. & Kyriakopoulos, G. L. (2015). Energy saving: Views and attitudes of students in secondary education. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 46, 1-15.
  • Ole Gunnar, A. (2018). Concepts of Geopolitics and Energy Security. IAEE Energy Forum Second Quarter 2018. IAEE Energy Forum (pp.25-28.) Edition 1, Chapter 3, Publisher: International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE).
  • Owusu, A. P. & Asumadu-Sarkodie, S. (2016). A review of renewable energy sources, sustainability issues and climate change mitigation. Cogent Engineering, 3: 1167990.
  • Papavasileiou, V. (2015). Sustainable Development and Education: A multidimensional relationship. Athens: Diadrasi. (in Greek)
  • Papavasileiou, V., Nikolaou, E., Xanthacou, Y. Papadomarkakis, I., Matzanos, D. & Kaila, M. (2017). Student preschool teachers' views about the pedagogical context of sustainable kindergarten. Proceedings of INTCESS 2017 4th International Conference on Education and Social Sciences. Istanbul, Turkey, 6-8 February, 2017.
  • Papavasileiou, V., Nikolaou, E., Xanthacou, Y., Xanthis, A., Matzanos, D. & Kaila, M. (2018). Organization - pedagogical use of the spaces in the sustainable kindergarten: views of preschool education graduate students. IJAEDU- International E-Journal of Advances in Education, Vol. IV, Issue 12, 245-250, http://ijaedu.ocerintjournals.org /download/article-file/615354
  • Poore, J. & Nemecek, T. (2018). Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers. Science, 360 (6392), 987-992.
  • Ritchie, H. (2020). Environmental impacts of food production Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved 2.12.2020 from: https://ourworldindata.org/environmental-impacts-of-food [Online Resource]
  • Ritchie, Η. (2019). Clean Water”. Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved 2.12.2020 from: https://ourworldindata.org/water-access [Online Resource].
  • Scarlat, N., Fahl, F. & Dallemand, J-F. (2019). Status and Opportunities for Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste in Europe. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 10, 2425–2444.
  • Stulz, R., Tanner, S. & René Sigg, R. (2011). Chapter 16 - Swiss 2000-Watt Society: A Sustainable Energy Vision for the Future. Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, p. 477-496, ISBN 9780123851369.
  • Supasa, T., Hsiau S-S., Lin S-M., Wongsapai, W. & Wu, J-C. (2017). Household Energy Consumption Behaviour for Different Demographic Regions in Thailand from 2000 to 2010. Sustainability, 9, 2328. doi:10.3390/su9122328.
  • Tukker, A. & Jansen, B. Environment impacts of products-A detailed review of studies. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 10 (3), 159–182.
  • Tuladhar, R. & Yin, S. (2019). Sustainability of using recycled plastic fiber in concrete. In (eds) F. Pacheco-Torgal, J. Khatib, F. Colangelo. & R. Tuladhar, Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete, 441-460, Woodhead Publishing.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA US (xx). Water Reuse and Recycling: Community and Environmental Benefits. Αccessed 1.12.2020, https://www3.epa.gov/region9/water/recycling/#benefits
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA. (xx). Wastes - WasteWise Program. Environmental Factoids. Αccessed 1.12.2020 https://archive.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/smm/wastewise/web/html/factoid.html
  • United Nations. (χχ). The Ecology of Recycling. Αccessed 1-12-2020 from: https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/ecology-recycling
  • Vezzoli, C., Ceschin, F., Osanjo, L., M’Rithaa, K. M., Moalosi, R., Nakazibwe, V. & Diehl, J. C. (2018). Designing Sustainable Energy for All: Energy and Sustainable Development, p. 3-22. Springer, Cham.
  • Warunasinghe, W. A. A. I. & Yapa, P. I. (2016). A survey on household solid waste management (SWM) with special reference to a peri-urban area (Kottawa) in Colombo. Procedia Food Science, 6, 257 – 260.
  • Weber, L.C. & Matthews, H.S. (2008). Food-Miles and the Relative Climate Impacts of Food Choices in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(10).
  • World Petroleum Council. (2020). Alternative Transport Fuels - Courtesy of AIP. Αccessed 1-12-2020 http://www.world-petroleum.org/technology/202-alternative-transport-fuels-courtesy-of-aip
  • Young, J. T. (2015). Questionnaires and Surveys. In (ed) Z. Hua, Research Methods in Intercultural Communication: A Practical Guide, Wiley-Blackwell, 163-180.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Beşeri Bilimler, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Dımıtrıos POIMENIDIS> (Sorumlu Yazar)
University of the Aegean
0000-0002-9003-425X
Greece


Vasileios F.PAPAVASİLEİOU>
University of the Aegean
Greece

Yayımlanma Tarihi 6 Eylül 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 2 Temmuz 2021
Kabul Tarihi 14 Temmuz 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 20

Kaynak Göster

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences ENERGY LITERACY, RECYCLING AND RATIONAL USE OF MATERIALS IN THE DAILY LIFE IN STUDENTS OF THE FIFTH CLASS PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF AN URBAN AREA %A Dımıtrıos Poımenıdıs , Vasileios F.papavasileiou %T ENERGY LITERACY, RECYCLING AND RATIONAL USE OF MATERIALS IN THE DAILY LIFE IN STUDENTS OF THE FIFTH CLASS PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF AN URBAN AREA %D 2021 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 7 %N 20 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.961175 %U 10.18769/ijasos.961175

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