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THE DEPLOYMENT AND APPLICATION OF SPANISH CULTURAL POLICY DURING THE 20TH CENTURY

Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 7, 251 - 256, 30.04.2017
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.309683

Öz

In this paper, we provide an analysis of the cultural policy of Spain in its recent history. Starting with a historical and cultural panorama of Spain in the 20th century, we investigate whether Spain reached a conceptual understanding of the power of its culture and whether it subsequently established and implemented a cultural strategy in a truly eventful period of its history. At the beginning of the 20th century, with its wounds still open from the defeat suffered by the United States in 1898, Spain was considered a "dead country". Herein, we discuss how historical circumstances influenced the cultural setting in Spain, how Spain reacted and to which extent the investment in culture helped in the “renaissance” of Spain. We address the role of educational and scientific progress and examine whether cultural development can mobilize people and set the foundations of a new collective conscience. We also discuss whether preservation and exploitation of cultural elements introduces a barrier to progress and modernization.

As part of the development of a cultural strategy, Spain used the American reference as an alternative space for cultural and economic confirmation and expansion. The American dimension was perceived as an incentive for modernization and reform, which, in this case, was a bet for the future without abandoning the past; it was also considered as a place where common elements in the reform process could be found, a place of global, international value which could further support the European character Spain planned to acquire. To obtain this objective, Spain had to revive common links and re-establish a common Spanish consciousness. America formed an external compensating factor, which, properly exploited, could help Spain regain its role on the international stage. To this aim, religion and language were important, unifying factors. In this context, we present our analysis on how Spain efficiently managed this important legacy and how it successfully exploited its cultural assets in order to establish a cultural strategy.

Kaynakça

  • Fernández L. S., Pérez D. R., Comellas J. L. y Andrés-Gallego J. (1991). Historia General de España y América, La época de Franco, Ed. Rialp, Madrid. Gómez J. T. (1993). El régimen de Franco, 1936-1975: política y relaciones exteriores, UNED, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (1992). Imperio de papel. Acción cultural y política exterior durante el primer franquismo, CSIC, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (1995). Las relaciones culturales de España en tiempo de crisis: de la II República a la Guerra Mundial, UNED, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (2002). América como estímulo: regeneración nacional y tierra de oportunidades, CSIC, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (2012). La acción cultural exterior de España: trayectoria reciente y retos pendientes, Ariel-Real Instituto Elcano, Barcelona. Herrera de la Muela, I. (2007). La contribución del Instituto Cervantes a la promoción exterior de la cultura española e hispanoamericana: ¿actor o agente?, Instituto Cervantes, Madrid. Jevenois Acillona, P. (1996). Los Centros Culturales y Educativos en el exterior, Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, Madrid. Pérez Garzón J. S. (2000). La creación de la historia de España, Crítica, Barcelona Redondo G. (1999).Política, cultura y sociedad en la España de Franco, Ed. Universidad de Navarra, Navarra. Rodríguez A. N. (1993). Hispanoamericanismo, regeneración y defensa del prestigio nacional (1898-1931), Aieti/Síntesis/OEI, Madrid. Rodríguez A. N. (2001). Orígenes y despliegue de la política cultural, L’ Harmattan, París.

Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 7, 251 - 256, 30.04.2017
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.309683

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Fernández L. S., Pérez D. R., Comellas J. L. y Andrés-Gallego J. (1991). Historia General de España y América, La época de Franco, Ed. Rialp, Madrid. Gómez J. T. (1993). El régimen de Franco, 1936-1975: política y relaciones exteriores, UNED, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (1992). Imperio de papel. Acción cultural y política exterior durante el primer franquismo, CSIC, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (1995). Las relaciones culturales de España en tiempo de crisis: de la II República a la Guerra Mundial, UNED, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (2002). América como estímulo: regeneración nacional y tierra de oportunidades, CSIC, Madrid. Gómez-Escalonilla, L. D. (2012). La acción cultural exterior de España: trayectoria reciente y retos pendientes, Ariel-Real Instituto Elcano, Barcelona. Herrera de la Muela, I. (2007). La contribución del Instituto Cervantes a la promoción exterior de la cultura española e hispanoamericana: ¿actor o agente?, Instituto Cervantes, Madrid. Jevenois Acillona, P. (1996). Los Centros Culturales y Educativos en el exterior, Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, Madrid. Pérez Garzón J. S. (2000). La creación de la historia de España, Crítica, Barcelona Redondo G. (1999).Política, cultura y sociedad en la España de Franco, Ed. Universidad de Navarra, Navarra. Rodríguez A. N. (1993). Hispanoamericanismo, regeneración y defensa del prestigio nacional (1898-1931), Aieti/Síntesis/OEI, Madrid. Rodríguez A. N. (2001). Orígenes y despliegue de la política cultural, L’ Harmattan, París.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Katerina PAPAİOANNOU Bu kişi benim
Greece

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 28 Nisan 2017
Kabul Tarihi 8 Nisan 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 7

Kaynak Göster

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences THE DEPLOYMENT AND APPLICATION OF SPANISH CULTURAL POLICY DURING THE 20TH CENTURY %A Katerina Papaioannou %T THE DEPLOYMENT AND APPLICATION OF SPANISH CULTURAL POLICY DURING THE 20TH CENTURY %D 2017 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 3 %N 7 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.309683 %U 10.18769/ijasos.309683

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