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PEDESTRIAN BRIDGES AND PASSAGES IN TERMS OF SPACE DESIGN

Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 7, 139 - 145, 30.04.2017
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.309505

Öz

Pedestrian bridges are constructed in various structures and by using various materials in order to ensure safe passage of pedestrians in various situations such as vehicle traffic, animal traffic and natural formations in or out of the city centres. There are bridge or passage designs allowing passage for autos and pedestrians, bicycles and trains as well as bridges used by pedestrians only. We can observe the construction of pedestrian bridges in various civilizations and eras throughout the history. In 19th century, together with the industrial revolution and the invention of steam train, pedestrian bridges were constructed over the railways and after invention of automobile in 20th century and due to the changes and developments in sea, lake and river vehicles, requirement for bridges around highways, sea transportation routes and railways aroused. These bridges sometimes converted into spaces while being monumental accessories of the cities ensuring the formation of cultural and historical identity in settlements.

In this study, the aim is to handle the bridges, which are urban accessory elements, by a scientific research so as to let it constitute a written source for the other future studies to be made about this issue. Under the scope of the study, the historical course related with the design of pedestrian bridges and samples was examined and then classifications were made according to their area of usage, type of usage, material and structure. Finally the spatial loop of pedestrian bridges and today’s design measures were examined. 

Kaynakça

  • Charles, V. (2016). Bridges. Litres Publishing. Çeçen, K. (2014). Türk İslam Ansiklopedisi. cilt: 26; sayfa: 253,http://www.islamansiklopedisi.info/dia/pdf/c26/c260155.pdf Guidelines for the design of footbridges. The International Federation for Structural Concrete, Bulletin no 32. Günel, G. (2012). Anadolu Selçuklu Dönemi’nde Anadolu’da İpek Yolu - Kervansaraylar – Köprüler. Kebikeç, 29: 133-146. Jurecka, Ch. (1979). Historische Entwicklung Fazination der Technick. Wien, Wien-München: Verlag Anton Schroll Co. Lay, M.G. (1992). Ways of the World. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. Mclaughlin, D. (2007). Yemen. Bradt Travel Guides: London. Okten, A. (1995). Structural Engineering and Industrial Revolution. Ekrem Hakkı Ayvedi Commemorative Book, p. 132, Istanbul: Istanbul Fetih Cemiyeti. Riley, H. (2013). An Historical and Archeological study of Tarr Steps. Exmoor National Park, AIFA, FSA, Devon. Ryall, M.J., Parke, G.A.R., Harding, J.E., (2003). Manual of Bridge Engineering. London: Thomas Telford Pub. Sezer, S., Özyalçıner, A., (2010). Öyküleriyle İstanbul Anıtları. Ankara: Evrensel Basım Ulrich, R., B. (2007). Roman Woodworking. London: Yale University Press. Young, D., Young, M. (2015). The Art of the Japanese Garden, Singapore: Tuttle Publishing. URL-1: www.tdk.gov.tr, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-2: http://www.historyofbridges.com/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-3: http://theconstructor.org/structures/history-of-bridges/5491/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-4:http://www.contre.no/pdf/jenhob_col.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-5: http://www.historyofbridges.com/bridges-history/wooden-bridges/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-6: http://www.eutouring.com/pont_des_arts_history.html, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-7: http://www.viralnova.com/terrifying-bridge/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-8: http://adib.typepad.com/blog/files/steel_design_award.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-9: http://nysparks.com/parks/178/details.aspx, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-10: https://www.capbridge.com/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-11: http://www.asce.org/project/quebec-bridge/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-12: http://www.tiipublications.ie/library/DN-STR-03005-02.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-13: http://www.stb.rwth-aachen.de/projekte/2007/HIVOSS/docs/Footbridge_Guidelines_EN03.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-14: http://www.stb.rwth-aachen.de/projekte/2007/HIVOSS/docs/Footbridge_Background_EN02.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-15: ftp://193.136.28.78/pub/Pessoal/Dec/manuel/CD%20Workshop_Pedro/IDW01_Heinmeyer.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016

Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 7, 139 - 145, 30.04.2017
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.309505

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Charles, V. (2016). Bridges. Litres Publishing. Çeçen, K. (2014). Türk İslam Ansiklopedisi. cilt: 26; sayfa: 253,http://www.islamansiklopedisi.info/dia/pdf/c26/c260155.pdf Guidelines for the design of footbridges. The International Federation for Structural Concrete, Bulletin no 32. Günel, G. (2012). Anadolu Selçuklu Dönemi’nde Anadolu’da İpek Yolu - Kervansaraylar – Köprüler. Kebikeç, 29: 133-146. Jurecka, Ch. (1979). Historische Entwicklung Fazination der Technick. Wien, Wien-München: Verlag Anton Schroll Co. Lay, M.G. (1992). Ways of the World. New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. Mclaughlin, D. (2007). Yemen. Bradt Travel Guides: London. Okten, A. (1995). Structural Engineering and Industrial Revolution. Ekrem Hakkı Ayvedi Commemorative Book, p. 132, Istanbul: Istanbul Fetih Cemiyeti. Riley, H. (2013). An Historical and Archeological study of Tarr Steps. Exmoor National Park, AIFA, FSA, Devon. Ryall, M.J., Parke, G.A.R., Harding, J.E., (2003). Manual of Bridge Engineering. London: Thomas Telford Pub. Sezer, S., Özyalçıner, A., (2010). Öyküleriyle İstanbul Anıtları. Ankara: Evrensel Basım Ulrich, R., B. (2007). Roman Woodworking. London: Yale University Press. Young, D., Young, M. (2015). The Art of the Japanese Garden, Singapore: Tuttle Publishing. URL-1: www.tdk.gov.tr, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-2: http://www.historyofbridges.com/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-3: http://theconstructor.org/structures/history-of-bridges/5491/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-4:http://www.contre.no/pdf/jenhob_col.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-5: http://www.historyofbridges.com/bridges-history/wooden-bridges/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-6: http://www.eutouring.com/pont_des_arts_history.html, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-7: http://www.viralnova.com/terrifying-bridge/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-8: http://adib.typepad.com/blog/files/steel_design_award.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-9: http://nysparks.com/parks/178/details.aspx, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-10: https://www.capbridge.com/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-11: http://www.asce.org/project/quebec-bridge/, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-12: http://www.tiipublications.ie/library/DN-STR-03005-02.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-13: http://www.stb.rwth-aachen.de/projekte/2007/HIVOSS/docs/Footbridge_Guidelines_EN03.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-14: http://www.stb.rwth-aachen.de/projekte/2007/HIVOSS/docs/Footbridge_Background_EN02.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016 URL-15: ftp://193.136.28.78/pub/Pessoal/Dec/manuel/CD%20Workshop_Pedro/IDW01_Heinmeyer.pdf, accessed date: 27.12.2016

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Deniz Demirarslan
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2017
Başvuru Tarihi 27 Nisan 2017
Kabul Tarihi 18 Mart 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 7

Kaynak Göster

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences PEDESTRIAN BRIDGES AND PASSAGES IN TERMS OF SPACE DESIGN %A Deniz Demirarslan %T PEDESTRIAN BRIDGES AND PASSAGES IN TERMS OF SPACE DESIGN %D 2017 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 3 %N 7 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.309505 %U 10.18769/ijasos.309505

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