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SOCIAL CHANGES AND LEVELS OF ONTOLOGICAL INSECURITY OR SENSES OF RISKS

Yıl 2016, Cilt: 2 Sayı: 5, 477 - 484, 26.08.2016

Öz

Historically, risks are the part of people’s life; however, the levels and the threats of risks have been changed through the history. Technological improvements and globalisation make more simplistic and easier human’s everyday life in some ways, but they have such a remarkable effect on the levels of ontological insecurity and senses of risks. The risks and ontological insecurity have been changed throughout the history. In premodern times, risks were natural disasters, wild animals, heavy weather conditions, such as heavy snow and rain. However, people are facing different, more influential, more vital risks due to the technological improvements, communication tools, globalisation, Americanization. These risks, which we are facing today, can be classified into four different primary groups; such as Economic, Societal, Environmental, Technological, Geopolitical risks. In this paper, societal risks are the main discussion subjects.

Keywords: Social changes, risk society, ontological insecurity, second modernity.

Kaynakça

  • Baran, C. (2013) Paper 8th Pan-European Conference in Warsaw.
  • Beck, U. (1992a). From Industrial Society to Risk Society: Questions of Survival, Social Structure and Ecological Enlightenment, Theory, Culture and Society, vol. 9 (1), pp. 97-123.
  • Beck, U. (1992b) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage.
  • Beck, U. (1994) Ecological Politics in an Age of Risk. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Beck, U. (1996a). World risk society as cosmopolitan society? Ecological questions in a framework of manufactured uncertainties. Theory, Culture and Society, vol. 13 (4), pp. 1-32.
  • Beck, U. (1999) World Risk Society IN: Lemert, C. (eds.) (2013). Social Theory. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • Beck, U. (2002) The Terrorist Threat: World Risk Society Revisited. Theory Culture Society, vol. 19 (39), pp. 39-55.
  • Beck, U. (2006). Living in the world risk society. Economy and Society, vol. 35 (3), pp. 329-345.
  • Croft, S. (2012). Constructing Ontological Insecurity: The Insecuritization of Britain's Muslims. Contemporary Security Policy, vol. 33(2), pp. 219-235.
  • Douglas, M. (1992) Risk and Blame: Essays in Cultural Theory. London:
  • Routledge.
  • Elliot, A. (2002). Beck’s Sociology of Risk: A Critical Assessment. Sociology, vol. 36 (2), pp. 293-315.
  • Fukuyama, F. (1995) Trust: Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: Free Press.
  • Giddens, A. (1990) Post-Modernity or Radicalized Modernity? IN: Lemert, C. (eds.) (2013). Social Theory. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • Giddens, A. (1991) The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Golding, D. (1992) A Social and Programmatic History of Risk Research IN: Krimsky, S. and Golding, D. (eds.) Westport: Praeger Publishers.
  • Jaeger, C. C., Renn, O., Rosa, E. A. and Webler, T. (2001) Risk, Unceratnity, and Rational Action. London: Earthscan Publications.
  • Lash, S. (2000) Risk Culture IN: Adam, B., Beck, U. and Loon, J. V. (eds.) London: Sage.
  • Lupton, D. (1999) Risk. London: Routledge.
  • Lupton, D. (2006) Sociology and Risk IN: Mythen, G. and Walklate, S. (eds.) Beyond the Risk Society. Berkshire: McGrave Hill Education.
  • Macnahten, P. (2006) Environment and Risk IN: Mythen, G. and Walklate, S. (eds.) Beyond the Risk Society. London: Open University Press.
  • Mythen, G. and Walklate, S. (eds.) (2006) Beyond the Risk Society. Berkshire: McGrave Hill Education.
  • Ritzer, G. (eds.) (1996) Modern Sociological Theory, 4nd ed. Singapore: McGraw-Hill.
  • Scott, A. (2000) Risk Society or Angst Society? Two Views of Risk, Conciousness and Community IN: Adam, B., Beck, U. and Loon, J. V. (eds.) London: Sage.
  • Skey, M. (2013). What does it mean to be cosmopolitan? An examination of the varying meaningfulness and commensurability of everyday ‘cosmopolitan’ practices, Identities, vol. 20(3), pp. 235-252.
  • Zinn, J. (eds.) (2007) Social Theories on Risk and Uncertainty. Oxford: Blackwell.
Yıl 2016, Cilt: 2 Sayı: 5, 477 - 484, 26.08.2016

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Baran, C. (2013) Paper 8th Pan-European Conference in Warsaw.
  • Beck, U. (1992a). From Industrial Society to Risk Society: Questions of Survival, Social Structure and Ecological Enlightenment, Theory, Culture and Society, vol. 9 (1), pp. 97-123.
  • Beck, U. (1992b) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage.
  • Beck, U. (1994) Ecological Politics in an Age of Risk. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Beck, U. (1996a). World risk society as cosmopolitan society? Ecological questions in a framework of manufactured uncertainties. Theory, Culture and Society, vol. 13 (4), pp. 1-32.
  • Beck, U. (1999) World Risk Society IN: Lemert, C. (eds.) (2013). Social Theory. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • Beck, U. (2002) The Terrorist Threat: World Risk Society Revisited. Theory Culture Society, vol. 19 (39), pp. 39-55.
  • Beck, U. (2006). Living in the world risk society. Economy and Society, vol. 35 (3), pp. 329-345.
  • Croft, S. (2012). Constructing Ontological Insecurity: The Insecuritization of Britain's Muslims. Contemporary Security Policy, vol. 33(2), pp. 219-235.
  • Douglas, M. (1992) Risk and Blame: Essays in Cultural Theory. London:
  • Routledge.
  • Elliot, A. (2002). Beck’s Sociology of Risk: A Critical Assessment. Sociology, vol. 36 (2), pp. 293-315.
  • Fukuyama, F. (1995) Trust: Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: Free Press.
  • Giddens, A. (1990) Post-Modernity or Radicalized Modernity? IN: Lemert, C. (eds.) (2013). Social Theory. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • Giddens, A. (1991) The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Golding, D. (1992) A Social and Programmatic History of Risk Research IN: Krimsky, S. and Golding, D. (eds.) Westport: Praeger Publishers.
  • Jaeger, C. C., Renn, O., Rosa, E. A. and Webler, T. (2001) Risk, Unceratnity, and Rational Action. London: Earthscan Publications.
  • Lash, S. (2000) Risk Culture IN: Adam, B., Beck, U. and Loon, J. V. (eds.) London: Sage.
  • Lupton, D. (1999) Risk. London: Routledge.
  • Lupton, D. (2006) Sociology and Risk IN: Mythen, G. and Walklate, S. (eds.) Beyond the Risk Society. Berkshire: McGrave Hill Education.
  • Macnahten, P. (2006) Environment and Risk IN: Mythen, G. and Walklate, S. (eds.) Beyond the Risk Society. London: Open University Press.
  • Mythen, G. and Walklate, S. (eds.) (2006) Beyond the Risk Society. Berkshire: McGrave Hill Education.
  • Ritzer, G. (eds.) (1996) Modern Sociological Theory, 4nd ed. Singapore: McGraw-Hill.
  • Scott, A. (2000) Risk Society or Angst Society? Two Views of Risk, Conciousness and Community IN: Adam, B., Beck, U. and Loon, J. V. (eds.) London: Sage.
  • Skey, M. (2013). What does it mean to be cosmopolitan? An examination of the varying meaningfulness and commensurability of everyday ‘cosmopolitan’ practices, Identities, vol. 20(3), pp. 235-252.
  • Zinn, J. (eds.) (2007) Social Theories on Risk and Uncertainty. Oxford: Blackwell.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Baris Cagirkan

Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Ağustos 2016
Gönderilme Tarihi 24 Ağustos 2016
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016Cilt: 2 Sayı: 5

Kaynak Göster

EndNote Cagirkan B (01 Ağustos 2016) SOCIAL CHANGES AND LEVELS OF ONTOLOGICAL INSECURITY OR SENSES OF RISKS. IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences 2 5 477–484.

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