The article deals with the spiritual and ideological foundations of the
Russian state power. The main idea of the work is to recognize the defining
meaning of cultural determinants in the formation of the specific nature of
Russian state power. The first cultural
universal includes recognition and understanding of Christian universalism
literally. It is reflected in the notion of "Holy Russia" and its
other form: "Moscow – the third Rome". This notion is of the space
content and the "super - ethnic", having served as a basis for formation
of the Imperial ideology subsequently. In the social space it has led to a weak
link between the government and the people. It was formed as if two areas:
state power and people. With a weak connection between these two areas, it was
possible to reach to the authorities only on the basis of radical social
practices. And there is the second cultural determinant. Russian Holiness was
an antinomy of light and darkness, a dualistic understanding of the world.
There was no middle ground between them. And, therefore, there was no place
"legalized" for the state and secular authorities. They were above or
below the social world. Taking into account the absolutization of the moral-
ethical dimension of Russian culture (the Orthodox civilization adheres to the
spiritual side only), the power fell out of the sphere of rational, was not
mediated by legal discourse and was considered to be as tormenst of conscience.
In society it led to a weak legitimation of state power and legal culture. The
recognition of the holiness of the secular authority under Peter the Great has
led to the formation of "paternalistic" matrix of Russian state power.
In the light of this matrix the "Father of the Fatherland", the
autocrat, was responsible for everything. This paternal model of power is going
on to exist nowadays.
authority, power, hype sacrality, cultural determinants, "The Holy Russia", "Moscow - the third Rome", the autocracy, the Fatherland, the Imperial ideology, the Orthodox civilization, legal discourse, tolerance