Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 13, Pages 320 - 329 2019-04-28

OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS

Irina Mohora [1]

3 9

Emerging built landscapes and urban densities, together with a distressing human-nature estrangement, represent the main challenges of today`s developers. Real concerns such as pollution, climate change or nature-deficit-syndromes impact the human world on every scale, raising attention towards seeking change in attitude and low impact methodologies in the built context. Beginning with the Industrial Revolution when new technologies encouraged architectural reinvention, continuing through the Digital Era that transformed building and thinking once again, the natural environment has undergone a constant decrease in surface and importance in cities worldwide.

Corporate architecture has always adopted building innovation, aiming for higher prestige and marketability through a polished, impressive, even intimidating image. Exterior aspect, energy performance, indoor quality and technology-proneness are some of the points pursued by both managers and investor when choosing a new business site. But the foremost aspects when buying or renting a new office building are location and price.

Increasing demands for office surface have led to vertical building, which rose new issues in the European urban network, due to strict urban requirements. Thus, the selection of optimal office building location has been a challenge for the narrow-street structure of European cities, leading to several typologies: historical districts, urban and suburban areas or independent workplace centers. Each location has in turn determined different intervention types: refurbishment or renovation, functional conversion, new building, causing various dialogues with the urban nature.

As every European city and country has its own regulations depending on geographical, climatic, cultural and political factors, the research was focused on one case study that allowed drawing relevant conclusions on the matter. With its rich urban and architectural background, a diverse and ever developing business environment, the French capital, Paris, is among the most interesting European metropolis for its urban development. A clear distinction can be made here between three different typologies of commercial districts: historical type (the Central Business District, in western Paris), the modernist La Défense (on the Northern-Western outskirts), the newer Saint-Denis/Saint-Ouen and Issy-les-Moulineaux (in the Northern and Southern suburbs). Approximately 100 buildings from these locations and the close vicinity have been analyzed aiming to classify their connection to outdoor and indoor plants and observe how these reflect on real estate rent cost. Another argument for choosing Paris for this case study is the relative recent implementation of the “Biotope Area Factor” principle that demands a balanced use of vegetation in the built fabric for both new constructions and refurbishment projects. Alike other several European capitals (Berlin, Stockholm, London) the urban landscape is slowly transforming towards a more sustainable one, while keeping a certain flexibility in selecting the green systems.

The main objective of this research is to determine the office building-greenery relation from economical, urban and architectural points of view. It is essentially important to understand how energetic certificates and green space proximity rise the real estate value, making the building more attractive, updated and innovative regarding ecological visions. Furthermore, establishing link typologies between location, building type and vegetation can highlight the optimal greening potential of each site type. A construction located in the dense city center is expected to benefit from more introverted nature (interior courtyards, green walls, etc.) comparing to a less dense suburban site.

Although the study was conducted on a small sample relative to the complexity of the topic, the model might be further applied on a larger scale, comparing different cities worldwide, practically creating local frameworks for architects, managers and investors, towards responsible implementation of vegetated material in the office building sector.

office building location, European green space regulation, biotope area factor, urban, rent, Paris, greenery type
  • Atelier Paris d`urbanisme (2004) Developper le vegetal a Paris: Les nouvelles regles du Plan local d`urbanisme de Paris. Clermont, T. (2018) L’évaluation de l’entreprise individuelle – les locaux professionnels, L’évaluation de l’entreprise. Available at: https://www.compta-facile.com/evaluation-locaux-professionnels-entreprise-individuelle/ (Accessed: 2 September 2018). Eichholtz, P., Kok, N. and Quigley, J. M. (2009) ‘Why Companies Rent Green: CSR and The Role of Real Estate’, The Academy of Management Proceedings, 2009(1), pp. 1–6. doi: 10.5465/AMBPP.2009.44248224. IROVAL (2012) ‘Bazele evaluării’, Uniunea Nationala a Evaluatorilor Autorizati din Romania. Kaplan, S. (1995) ‘The Restorative Benefits of Nature’, Journal of environmental psychology, pp. 169–182. Kazmierczak, A. and Carter, J. (2010) Berlin: The Biotope Area Factor. Kellert, S. R. and Wilson, E. O. (1993) The Biophilia hypothesis. Island Press. Available at: https://books.google.ro/books/about/The_Biophilia_Hypothesis.html?id=oMzqiX3IH-UC&redir_esc=y (Accessed: 7 June 2017). Locaux, B. (2018) Prix affichés des bureaux Paris. Available at: https://www.bureauxlocaux.com/prix-marche/bureaux/paris (Accessed: 10 August 2018). Miller, N., Spivey, J. and Florance, A. (2008) Does Green Pay Off? Available at: http://www.greenbiz.com/news/reviews_third.cfm?NewsID=35955. Paris Municipality (2017) Végétalisons la ville – Paris.fr. Available at: https://www.paris.fr/vegetalisonslaville (Accessed: 30 October 2017). Saval, N. (2014) Cubed: A Secret History of the Workplace. Available at: https://www.amazon.com/Cubed-History-Workplace-Nikil-Saval/dp/0385536577. Szczepańska, A., Krzywnicka, I. and Lemański, G. (2016) ‘Urban greenery as a component of real estate value’, Real Estate Management and Valuation, 24(4), pp. 79–87. doi: 10.1515/remav-2016-0032. Territoires, É. (2015) ‘Fiche n°11 Le coefficient de biotope par surface (CBS)’, Ecosystème dans les territoires - Cahiers techniques de l’AEU2 - Réussir la planification et l’aménagement durables, pp. 63–64. Available at: http://multimedia.ademe.fr/catalogues/CTecosystemes/index.html. Thion, B. (1993) ‘Valeur, prix et methodes d`evaluation en immobilier’. Urbaine, E. and Po, S. (2015) ‘Quartiers d ’ affaires : enjeux et prospective’. Vischer, J. C. (2008) ‘Towards an Environmental Psychology of Workspace: How People are Affected by Environments for Work’, Architectural Science Review, 51(2), pp. 97–108. doi: 10.3763/asre.2008.5114. Wilson, E. O. (1984) Biophilia. Harvard University Press. Available at: http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674074422&content=reviews (Accessed: 7 June 2017).
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Irina Mohora
Country: Romania


Bibtex @research article { ijasos531354, journal = {IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2411-183X}, address = {OCERINT International Organization Center of Academic Research}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {320 - 329}, doi = {10.18769/ijasos.531354}, title = {OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS}, key = {cite}, author = {Mohora, Irina} }
APA Mohora, I . (2019). OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS. IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 5 (13), 320-329. DOI: 10.18769/ijasos.531354
MLA Mohora, I . "OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS". IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences 5 (2019): 320-329 <http://ijasos.ocerintjournals.org/issue/44879/531354>
Chicago Mohora, I . "OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS". IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences 5 (2019): 320-329
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS AU - Irina Mohora Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.531354 DO - 10.18769/ijasos.531354 T2 - IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 320 EP - 329 VL - 5 IS - 13 SN - -2411-183X M3 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.531354 UR - https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.531354 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS %A Irina Mohora %T OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS %D 2019 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P -2411-183X %V 5 %N 13 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.531354 %U 10.18769/ijasos.531354
ISNAD Mohora, Irina . "OFFICE BUILDING LOCATION RELATED TO GREENERY TYPE CASE STUDY OF THE MAIN BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN PARIS". IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences 5 / 13 (April 2019): 320-329. https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.531354