Yıl 2017, Cilt 3, Sayı 7, Sayfalar 293 - 299 2017-04-30

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Zuraini Ab Hamid [1] , Norjihan Ab Aziz [2] , Noor Shuhadawati Mohamad Amin [3]

82 182

The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the main reference for countries around the world, particularly the United Nation state members, in determining their success in combatting human trafficking issues. The objective of the report is to fulfil three principal goals, namely to protect the trafficking victim, to prevent the crime, and to bring the perpetrator to justice. This report was initiated by the U.S. Department of State in 2001 as one of the efforts to monitor and increase worldwide efforts regarding the issues. As a destination and transit country for human trafficking, the U.S. Department of State has become the self-appointed country monitoring the human trafficking progress of (187) state governments since 2004. The first report for human trafficking that was published in 2001 stated that the related countries will be examined and placed either in Tier 1, Tier 2, or Tier 3 depending on their status. In order to be placed in the Tier 1 level, the government must fully comply with the minimum standards outlined in Section 108 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. If the government does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking, but has put significant efforts to comply with the standards, it is then placed in Tier 2. The failure for compliance by any governments would place it in Tier 3. Nevertheless, few issues are detected on the effectiveness of the TIP Report in the assessment of a country’s achievement in combatting the crime. The issues raised include (i) the monitoring body which is led by the U.S. Department of State; (ii) the 3P paradigm outlined by the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children which is heeded by the U.S. Department of State; and (iii) the assessment stipulated in the TIP Report which focuses too heavily on the protection of victims. To that end, this article studies the effectiveness of the TIP Report in assessing the countries involved, particularly Malaysia. Combining content analysis and semi-structured interview, this article argues that a lot of improvement must be done on the report’s transparency in assessing the countries and thus, proving its effectiveness in combatting the human trafficking issues.
Human trafficking, Trafficking in Persons, effectiveness, Malaysia
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Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Zuraini Ab Hamid
Ülke: Malaysia


Yazar: Norjihan Ab Aziz
Ülke: Malaysia


Yazar: Noor Shuhadawati Mohamad Amin
Ülke: Malaysia


Bibtex @ { ijasos311921, journal = {International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2411-183X}, address = {OCERINT International Organization Center of Academic Research}, year = {2017}, volume = {3}, pages = {293 - 299}, doi = {10.18769/ijasos.311921}, title = {THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING}, key = {cite}, author = {Ab Hamid, Zuraini and Ab Aziz, Norjihan and Mohamad Amin, Noor Shuhadawati} }
APA Ab Hamid, Z , Ab Aziz, N , Mohamad Amin, N . (2017). THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING. International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 3 (7), 293-299. DOI: 10.18769/ijasos.311921
MLA Ab Hamid, Z , Ab Aziz, N , Mohamad Amin, N . "THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 3 (2017): 293-299 <http://ijasos.ocerintjournals.org/issue/28912/311921>
Chicago Ab Hamid, Z , Ab Aziz, N , Mohamad Amin, N . "THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 3 (2017): 293-299
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING AU - Zuraini Ab Hamid , Norjihan Ab Aziz , Noor Shuhadawati Mohamad Amin Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.311921 DO - 10.18769/ijasos.311921 T2 - International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 293 EP - 299 VL - 3 IS - 7 SN - -2411-183X M3 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.311921 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.311921 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING %A Zuraini Ab Hamid , Norjihan Ab Aziz , Noor Shuhadawati Mohamad Amin %T THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING %D 2017 %J International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P -2411-183X %V 3 %N 7 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.311921 %U 10.18769/ijasos.311921
ISNAD Ab Hamid, Zuraini , Ab Aziz, Norjihan , Mohamad Amin, Noor Shuhadawati . "THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT IN COMBATTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 3 / 7 (Nisan 2017): 293-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.311921