The gender difference is actually not a problem as far as not giving birth gender inequality. However, gender difference has spawned various injustices, especially for women. The phenomenon can be seen in a proverb. Researches both at global level and in Indonesia show that the representations of women in proverbs are very popular. For example, study conducted by Storm (1992), Sunderland (2006), Hussein (2009), Anderson (2012), Wang (2012), Asimeng-Boahene (2013), Lee (2015), Diabah and Amfo (2015) and Mubarok (2016). With viewpoints and different data, the study examines the representation of women as espoused in a number of Sundanese (an ethnic group native to the western part of the Indonesian island of Java) proverbs. The objective is to analyze traditional views on the perceptions and roles of the woman in Sundanese society and explore the interrelation between language, gender and culture. Using a Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis (FCDA) Approach, 7 Sundanese proverbs about women, selected from written sources, are examined. The study shows that women are portrayed in Sundanese proverb as constructions of submissiveness, women as an object of sex and women are portrayed as representation of virtue. Based on these findings, the study concluded that Sundanese proverbs tend to present women in particular stereotypical ways, most of which can be interpreted as derogatory, negative or subservient.
Gender, Proverbs, Women, Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis, Patriarchy, Representation