Cilt 2, Sayı 6, Sayfalar 631 - 640 2016-12-25

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED

Valentina-Mariana Mănoiu [1] , Alexandru Valeriu Gâdiuţă [2]

237 252

This paper deals with a very important subject for both developed and developing countries, one that has yet to be thoroughly analyzed from an environmental perspective: corporate social responsibility. Our analysis is highly relevant in our current context, given the increasing pressures exerted by companies on the environment as a result of their economic activities. Furthermore, another element that makes this study up-to-date is the fact that more and more companies have started to pay attention to the concept of corporate social responsibility and have begun to take responsibility for these pressures and act towards reducing them, whether out of voluntary compliance or forced by market conditions or regulatory bodies. The present study is a historical descriptive-analytic investigation of the concept of corporate social responsibility and its environmental component. The aim of the research is to create a historical analysis of this concept and its environmental aspects at the international level, presenting at the same time the various organizations and programs involved in its development and in the actions, that help implement it. The social responsibility of companies, also known as corporate social responsibility (CSR) or, in French, responsabilité sociétale des entreprises (RSE), is a fundamental component of the broader concept of social responsibility. There is no unanimously accepted version for the birth of this notion or its first proposed definitions. In time, the importance of CSR has steadily grown, and it became the focus of attention not just for theoreticians and companies, but also for international organizations, such as the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United Nations (UN), the Global Compact Program, the ISO 26000 Social Responsibility Standard or the European Union. We can thus say that a new stage began for the evolution of corporate social responsibility, where the most important aspects are the planning and subsequent implementation of its underlying concepts. Corporate social responsibility received significant attention from international organizations, and this served as a strong incentive for the business environment to adopt the concept. From an environmental standpoint, corporate social responsibility is becoming increasingly important, due to the pressures exerted by companies on the natural world. At an international level, most major corporations have accepted the principle of the responsibility that they have towards society for the environmental impact generated by their economic activities. This acceptance has been followed by the adoptions of internal operational policies aimed at reducing the said impact. Corporate social responsibility is not just an act of philanthropy or a fad, but a very serious behavior which should serve as a foundation for the actions of a corporation and that will naturally lead to long-term profits
corporate social responsibility,environment,economy,international organizations
  • Bowen, H. R. (1953). Social Responsibilities of the Businessman. Harper. New York
  • Cambridge Business English Dictionary (2011). Cambridge University Press. Cambridge
  • Carroll, A.B. (1999). Corporate Social Responsibility - Evolution of a Definitional Construct. Business & Society, Vol. 38. No. 3. p. 268-295. Sage Publications. Inc. doi: 10.1177/000765039903800303
  • CSR Europe (2005). An European Roadmap for Businesses. “Towards a Sustainable and Competitive Enterprise”. CSR Europe. Bruxelles
  • CSR Europe website. http://www.csreurope.org/european-commission
  • Davis K. (1960). Can Business Afford to Ignore Social Responsibilities? California Management Review. p. 70-76
  • Davis K. (1973). The Case for and against Business Assumption of Social Responsibilities. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 16, No. 2. p. 312-322. doi: 10.2307/255331
  • Dictionary of the Romanian Language (2nd edition, revised and completed). (1998). Univers Enciclopedic Press. Bucharest
  • EU Directive no. 2014/95/UE of the European Parliament and the European Council of October 22, 2014. EUR-Lex website. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32014L0095
  • European Commission website. http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/europe-2020-in-a-nutshell/index_en.htm
  • Free Audit website. http://www.freeaudit.ro/familia-iso/
  • Freeman E.R. (1984). Strategic Management- A Stakeholder Approach. Pitman. Boston. 292 p
  • Friedman M. (1970). The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits. The New York Times Magazine. New York. p. 32-33, 122, 124, 126
  • ISO website. http://www.iso.org/iso/home/about.htm
  • La Viña, A., DeRose A. M., Escudero A. G., Ribot J., Hoff G., Bond P., & Moniaga S. (2003). Making Participation Work: Lessons from Civil Society Engagement in the WSSD. World Resources Institute. Washington DC. Available on-line at: http://www.wri.org/publication/makingparticipation-work
  • OECD website. http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/
  • Romanian Ministry of Environment and Climate change website. http://www.mmediu.ro/beta/domenii/dezvoltare-durabila/concepte-si-principii-de-dezvoltare-durabila/
  • Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website. http://www.mae.ro/node/1481
  • Romanian National Agency for Environmental Protection website. http://www.anpm.ro/ro/dezvoltare-durabila
  • The European Commission (2001). Green Paper for Promoting a European Framework for Corporate Social Responsibility. Bruxelles. Available online at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/committees/deve/20020122/com(2001)366_en.pdf. p. 366
  • The European Commission (2011). A renewed EU strategy 2011-14 for Corporate Social Responsibility. Bruxelles. 681 p.
  • The Global Compact Cities Program website. http://citiesprogramme.com/cities
  • The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992). Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. Rio de Janeiro. United Nations Environment Programme website. Available on-line at: http://www.unep.org/documents.multilingual/default.asp?documentid=78&articleid=1163
  • The United Nations (1992). Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development Rio de Janeiro. 3-14 June 1992. Conference on Environment and Development. United Nations publication. New York. Available on-line at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/resources/documents
  • The United Nations (1997). Report of the United Nations Summit Rio+5. United Nations publication. New York
  • The United Nations (2002). United Nations Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Johannesburg. South Africa
  • United Nations global compact website. https://www.unglobalcompact.org/what-is-gc/participants
  • United Nations website. http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/overview/index.html
  • World Commission on Environment and Development (1987). Our Common Future. Oxford University Press. New York. 400 p.
  • World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development (1999). Our forests, our future. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. United Kingdom
Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Valentina-Mariana Mănoiu
E-posta: valentina.mariana.manoiu@gmail.com
Ülke: Romania


Yazar: Alexandru Valeriu Gâdiuţă
E-posta: alexandru.gadiuta@gmail.com
Ülke: Romania


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijasos280338, journal = {International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences}, issn = {}, address = {OCERINT International Organization Center of Academic Research}, year = {2016}, volume = {2}, pages = {631 - 640}, doi = {10.18769/ijasos.280338}, title = {SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Mănoiu, Valentina-Mariana and Gâdiuţă, Alexandru Valeriu} }
APA Mănoiu, V , Gâdiuţă, A . (2016). SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED. International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 2 (6), 631-640. DOI: 10.18769/ijasos.280338
MLA Mănoiu, V , Gâdiuţă, A . "SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 2 (2016): 631-640 <http://ijasos.ocerintjournals.org/issue/26675/280338>
Chicago Mănoiu, V , Gâdiuţă, A . "SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 2 (2016): 631-640
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED AU - Valentina-Mariana Mănoiu , Alexandru Valeriu Gâdiuţă Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.280338 DO - 10.18769/ijasos.280338 T2 - International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 631 EP - 640 VL - 2 IS - 6 SN - -2411-183X M3 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.280338 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.280338 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED %A Valentina-Mariana Mănoiu , Alexandru Valeriu Gâdiuţă %T SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL COMPONENT: ORIGINS, EVOLUTION AND ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED %D 2016 %J International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P -2411-183X %V 2 %N 6 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.280338 %U 10.18769/ijasos.280338