TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI

Doruk Görkem Özkan [1] , Elif Merve Alpak [2] , Tuğba Düzenli [3]

99 169

“Developing Creativity in Design Education: Landscape Architecture Environmental Design Studio Work”

Landscape architecture is a discipline that creates livable places for the users by designing the environment in line with people’s needs and desires.  In landscape discipline, the designs that are user-centered, different from each other and creative designs should be at the forefront when designing these spaces. Therefore, the landscape architecture education should aim at giving design and creative skills to the students.

The theoretical and practical studio lessons during which master-apprentice relationship is at the forefront are very important in the landscape architecture education to give design and creative skills to the students. In this study, Environmental Design Project 1(edp1) courses that hold an important place in the education program of Karadeniz Technical University Architectural Design Department was considered. Within this course,   the design training that is process-oriented and not result-oriented aiming at developing the design and creative skills of students was evaluated.

In this process, firstly the students are given the project title “Coasts and Coastal Activities”. Students are asked to make primarily a literature survey about the coast (abstract-character union, tangible- real coastal examples) and then make a list of coastal activities implemented on the coast. After then,  to develop creative skills,  they are expected to put forward a function chart by choosing an original activity(main activity) and then identifying the other activities(after-activities)  associated with the main activity. They are asked to create their original stylistic approaches in line with their activity lists,  an example of emulation as a result of literature survey and the scenario. In this direction, sketches are drawn, and mock-up recommendations are created. One of the suggestions created is selected and spatial configuration, which consists of sizes appropriate to the capacity, reinforcement appropriate to the activity and format,   is developed. As a result, with all these process, in addition to the theoretical knowledge, students are taught practically in stages how to organize a space.

Within the context of the course, the final product will be that the students will be able to make plasticism in local design in accordance with the design concept and the user activities, and they will be able to identify the human needs and design activity fields and reinforcement based on this knowledge.

Keywords: Design, Education, Creativity, Landscape Architecture

  • Alangoya, K.A., 2015. “Tasarımcı düşünce” geleneğinin maceracı yapısı ve kentsel tasarım eğitimine katkısı üzerine deneysel bir kentsel tasarım stüdyosu: İz üstünde Taksim Meydanı” , METU JFA 32 (1), 65-89.
  • Aslan, A. E., and Puccio, G., 2006, Developing and testing a turkish version of torrance tests of creativethinking: a study of adults. Journal of creative behaviour, Massachusetts:40 (3),163-78.
  • Gazvoda, D. 2002. Characteristics of modern landscape architecture and its education. Landscape and Urban Planning,60 (2002) 117–133.
  • Gül, A. Topay, M., Kazaz, S., Erol, E.U., Y ılmaz, S., Özgüner, H., Akten, M., Kuş Şahin, C., Örücü, Ö. K., Küçük, V., Akten, S., Eraslan, Ş. 2009. Bologna süreci ve ülkemizdeki peyzaj mimarlığı öğretimine etkisi, Peyzaj Mimarlığı Akademik İşbirliği Toplantısı (PEMAT) sunulu bildiri. SDU Or. Fak. Peyzaj Mimarlığı Bölümü, Isparta. Newell, A. ve Simon H.A. (1972) Human Problem Solving, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs NJ.
  • O’Neill, S. ve Shallcross, D. (1994) Sensational Thinking: A Teaching/ Learning Model for Creativity, The Journal of Creative Behavior, 28(2), 75–88.
  • Öncü, T. (2003) Torrance Yaratıcı Düşünme Testleri-Şekil Testi Aracılığıyla 12-14 Yaşları Arasındaki Çocukların Yaratıcılık Düzeylerinin Yaş ve Cinsiyete Göre Karşılaştırılması, Ankara Üniversitesi Dil ve Tarih Coğrafya Fakültesi Dergisi, 43,1, 2003: 221 -237.
  • Özkök, A., 2005, Disiplinlerarası yaklaşıma dayalı yaratıcı problem çözme becerisine etkisi, Hacettepe üniversitesi eğitim fakültesi dergisi, 159-167.
  • Öztürk, Ö, B. (2005)“Tasarıma ve tasarlayıcalara dair felsefi saptamalar” Yüksek Lisans tezi M.S.G.S.Ü., Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü.
  • Öztürk, Ö.B. (2007)“İmgesel aritmetik yöntemiyle mekan tasarımı ve tasarım örneği” Sanatta Yeterlik tezi M.S.G.S.Ü. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü.
  • Rodiek, J. E., Steiner, 1998. Special Issue: Landscape Architecture Research and Education.Landscape and Urban Planning (42)73-74p.
  • Smith S.M., Ward T.B. ve Finke R.A. (1995) Creative Cognition Approach, MIT Press, Cambridge, London.
  • Şentürer, A. 2004. Mimarlıkta Estetikte Tasarımda Eğitimde Eleştirel Yaklaşım. Yapı Endüstri Merkezi Yayınları, İstanbul.
  • Yüksek öğretim kurumu, 2009, Bologna süreci 2020-yeni on yılda Avrupa yükseköğretim alanı Avrupa yükseköğretimden sorumlu bakanlar konferansı bildirgesi Leuven bildirgesi.
Birincil Dil en
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Doruk Görkem Özkan
E-posta: dorukgorkemozkan@hotmail.com

Yazar: Elif Merve Alpak
E-posta: elifmerveakyol@hotmail.com

Yazar: Tuğba Düzenli
E-posta: duzenli@gmail.com

Bibtex @ { ijasos265652, journal = {International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences}, issn = {}, address = {OCERINT International Organization Center of Academic Research}, year = {}, volume = {2}, pages = {136 - 143}, doi = {10.18769/ijasos.96154}, title = {TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI}, key = {cite}, author = {Düzenli, Tuğba and Alpak, Elif Merve and Özkan, Doruk Görkem} }
APA Özkan, D , Alpak, E , Düzenli, T . (). TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI. International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 2 (4), 136-143. Retrieved from http://ijasos.ocerintjournals.org/issue/24464/265652
MLA Özkan, D , Alpak, E , Düzenli, T . "TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 2 (): 136-143 <http://ijasos.ocerintjournals.org/issue/24464/265652>
Chicago Özkan, D , Alpak, E , Düzenli, T . "TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 2 (): 136-143
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI AU - Doruk Görkem Özkan , Elif Merve Alpak , Tuğba Düzenli Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 136 EP - 143 VL - 2 IS - 4 SN - -2411-183X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI %A Doruk Görkem Özkan , Elif Merve Alpak , Tuğba Düzenli %T TASARIM EĞİTİMİNDE YARATICILIĞIN GELİŞTİRİLMESİ: PEYZAJ MİMARLIĞI ÇEVRE TASARIMI STÜDYO ÇALIŞMASI %D 2018 %J International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P -2411-183X %V 2 %N 4 %R %U