Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 353 - 362 2015-12-27

LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE

Saeed Yazdani [1] , Mohammadreza Shahbazi [2]

164 199

Although literature of protest does not directly lead to social change, it can permanently change society during an awakening, a period of cultural revitalization that occurs during times of social stress and confusion. Because there have been so few awakenings, literature of protest has little effect on moving people in a certain direction. Though many protests have failed, many have also prevailed and led to great social change, Jack London’s utopian satire, The Iron Heel, mainly intended to manifest London’s contemporary Oligarchy, has been one of such works.

This article sheds light upon such a literature that has led to these changes through satirical comments made by the American novelist, Jack London, in his utopian satire, the Iron Heel.

Keywords: Protest, Satire, Oligarchy, Social Change
Protest, Satire, Oligarchy, Social Change
  • Frye, N. (1970). Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. New York: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
  • Pizer, D. (1982). Jack London: Novels and Social Writings. New York: Literary Classics of the United States.
  • Simpson, P. (2003). On The Discourse of Satire: Towards a Stylistic Model of Satirical Humour. Amsterdom: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Hodgart, M. (1969). Satire. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
  • Pollard, A. (1970). Satire. Critical Idiom Series, Vol. 7. London.
  • Ward, S. (1983). “Ideology for the Masses: Jack London’s The Iron heel.” In Critical Essays on Jack London, Edited by Jacqueline Tavernier-Courbin. Boston: G. K. Hall.
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Yazar: Saeed Yazdani
E-posta: saya134074@yahoo.com

Yazar: Mohammadreza Shahbazi
E-posta: mrsh3072@yahoo.com

Bibtex @ { ijasos179432, journal = {International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences}, issn = {}, address = {OCERINT International Organization Center of Academic Research}, year = {2015}, volume = {1}, pages = {353 - 362}, doi = {10.18769/ijasos.44251}, title = {LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE}, key = {cite}, author = {Yazdani, Saeed and Shahbazi, Mohammadreza} }
APA Yazdani, S , Shahbazi, M . (2015). LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE. International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences, 1 (3), 353-362. DOI: 10.18769/ijasos.44251
MLA Yazdani, S , Shahbazi, M . "LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 1 (2015): 353-362 <http://ijasos.ocerintjournals.org/issue/24463/179432>
Chicago Yazdani, S , Shahbazi, M . "LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE". International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 1 (2015): 353-362
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE AU - Saeed Yazdani , Mohammadreza Shahbazi Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.44251 DO - 10.18769/ijasos.44251 T2 - International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 353 EP - 362 VL - 1 IS - 3 SN - -2411-183X M3 - doi: 10.18769/ijasos.44251 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.44251 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE %A Saeed Yazdani , Mohammadreza Shahbazi %T LITERATURE OF PROTEST: JACK LONDON’S THE IRON HEEL, A SATIRICAL PERSPECTIVE %D 2015 %J International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P -2411-183X %V 1 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.44251 %U 10.18769/ijasos.44251