years in Bulgaria the type of institutional care for children at risk is
changing giving priority to family and close to family environment. The will to
implement this process of all involved responsible agencies, institutions and
non-governmental organizations has found expression in a number of regulations,
strategic and program documents, as well as innovative and successful
practices. Economic, political and social changes that accompany the transition
has led to new problems and exacerbated existing problems. Current study makes
analyses of the national strategy for deinstitutionalization of children and
concludes on important recommendations concerning national policy development.
The policy should be based on the respect of child rights, norms, standards and
principles of universality, indivisibility and nondiscrimination, while
characterized by high sensitivity, flexibility and preparedness to meet the
challenges. It is important and necessary to develop a policy that will not
only offer appropriate care for children at risk in the short term, but will
prevent similar problems in the future.