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ENHANCING PLEA BARGAINING PROCESS THROUGH MEDIATION

Year 2017, Volume 3, Issue 7, 306 - 312, 30.04.2017
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.320064

Abstract

Plea bargaining is an out of court process which allows the accused to plea for reduction of a charge or sentence for an offence that he had committed. It is a common practice among the accused and the prosecutor to expedite the disposal of criminal case. It benefits the prosecutor to secure the punishment of the accused without proceeding to a full trial, which needs a certain procedure and a higher standard of proof to prove the accused guilty of an offence. Through plea bargaining, the accused will not be subjected to severe charge or punishment, and the prosecutor and the accused cannot appeal the case to the higher court if plea bargaining is successful. Nevertheless, the process of negotiation without the assistance of a third party could lead to the unsuccessful of plea bargaining which may result to a full trial. This happens if the prosecutor or the accused disagree with the sentence or a new charge offered by any one of them. This will cause inconvenience to the accused if he initially agrees to plea bargaining for reduction of the charge or sentence, however, due to the dissatisfaction of the suggestion of a new charge or sentence offered by the accused, the prosecutor tends to proceed the case to a full trial. This can be avoided if a neutral third party assists the accused and the offender to reach a deal. For instance, in Singapore a judge acts as a mediator to facilitate the process of plea bargaining to resolve criminal cases out of court. Thus, this research examines how plea bargaining is conducted under the Criminal Procedure Code of Malaysia. It also analyses how mediation helps plea bargaining process under the law of Singapore. It is suggested that the Criminal Procedure Code of Malaysia be amended to allow a third party to facilitate the process of plea bargaining.

References

  • Baljit Singh Sidhu. (2011). Criminal Litigation Process. Malaysia: Sweet & Maxwell Asia. Daniel W. V. N., & Karen, H.S. (2010). Restoring Justice: An Introduction to Restorative Justice. New York:Routledge. Gabriel, H. (2009). The Defense Attorney as Mediator in Plea Bargains. Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal, 9 (3). G. Nicholas Herman, (2012). Plea Bargaining. New York: Juris Publishing. Jay, F. & Alison, T. (1984). Mediation: A Comprehensive Guide to Resolving Conflicts Without Litigation. USA: Jossey-Bass Publishers. John, S. (2015). A Growing Alternative To Criminal Trials: Mediation Neutral Parties Show Crux Of Arguments To Prosecution,Defense. http://www.idahostatesman.com/2015/01/18/3597601/a-growing-alternative-to-criminal.html#storylink=cpy. John, S. (2008). A Practical Approach to Criminal Procedure. New York: Oxford. Kimberlee, K. K. (2007). The State of Criminal Justice 2007-2008, Victor, S (Ed.). USA: American Bar Association. Larysa, S. (2007). Criminal Mediation is the BASF of the Criminal Justice System: Not Replacing Traditional Criminal Adjudication, Just Making It Better. Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution. (22). Laurence, B. & Miryana, N. (2001). Mediation: Principles Process Practice. United Kingdom: Butterwoths. Laurie, W. (2014). Criminal Mediation: Violating Victims' Rights?. http://magicvalley.Com/news/ local/criminal-mediation-violating-victims-rights/ article_583b36d1-6c20-505f-91aa 26adbdd527ac.html. Maureen, E. L. (2004). Remarks On Case-Management Criminal Mediation. Idaho Law Review. (40). Maureen, E. L. (2004). Case-Management Criminal Mediation Offers Promise But Requires Caution. The Advocate, http://digital.lib.uidaho.edu/cdm/ref/collection/lawir/id/167. Message from the Chief District Judge, the State Courts Annual Report. (2012). https://www.statecourts.gov.sg/Resources/Documents/AnnualReport2012.pdf. Osborn’s Concise Law Dictionary. (268). London: Sweet & Maxwell. Wan Arfrah Hamzah. (2009). A First Look at the Malaysian Legal System. Selangor: Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd.

Year 2017, Volume 3, Issue 7, 306 - 312, 30.04.2017
https://doi.org/10.18769/ijasos.320064

Abstract

References

  • Baljit Singh Sidhu. (2011). Criminal Litigation Process. Malaysia: Sweet & Maxwell Asia. Daniel W. V. N., & Karen, H.S. (2010). Restoring Justice: An Introduction to Restorative Justice. New York:Routledge. Gabriel, H. (2009). The Defense Attorney as Mediator in Plea Bargains. Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal, 9 (3). G. Nicholas Herman, (2012). Plea Bargaining. New York: Juris Publishing. Jay, F. & Alison, T. (1984). Mediation: A Comprehensive Guide to Resolving Conflicts Without Litigation. USA: Jossey-Bass Publishers. John, S. (2015). A Growing Alternative To Criminal Trials: Mediation Neutral Parties Show Crux Of Arguments To Prosecution,Defense. http://www.idahostatesman.com/2015/01/18/3597601/a-growing-alternative-to-criminal.html#storylink=cpy. John, S. (2008). A Practical Approach to Criminal Procedure. New York: Oxford. Kimberlee, K. K. (2007). The State of Criminal Justice 2007-2008, Victor, S (Ed.). USA: American Bar Association. Larysa, S. (2007). Criminal Mediation is the BASF of the Criminal Justice System: Not Replacing Traditional Criminal Adjudication, Just Making It Better. Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution. (22). Laurence, B. & Miryana, N. (2001). Mediation: Principles Process Practice. United Kingdom: Butterwoths. Laurie, W. (2014). Criminal Mediation: Violating Victims' Rights?. http://magicvalley.Com/news/ local/criminal-mediation-violating-victims-rights/ article_583b36d1-6c20-505f-91aa 26adbdd527ac.html. Maureen, E. L. (2004). Remarks On Case-Management Criminal Mediation. Idaho Law Review. (40). Maureen, E. L. (2004). Case-Management Criminal Mediation Offers Promise But Requires Caution. The Advocate, http://digital.lib.uidaho.edu/cdm/ref/collection/lawir/id/167. Message from the Chief District Judge, the State Courts Annual Report. (2012). https://www.statecourts.gov.sg/Resources/Documents/AnnualReport2012.pdf. Osborn’s Concise Law Dictionary. (268). London: Sweet & Maxwell. Wan Arfrah Hamzah. (2009). A First Look at the Malaysian Legal System. Selangor: Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd.

Details

Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Norjihan AB AZİZ This is me
Malaysia


Noorshuhadawati MOHAMAD AMİN This is me
Malaysia


Zuraini AB HAMİD This is me
Malaysia

Publication Date April 30, 2017
Application Date June 8, 2017
Acceptance Date April 12, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 3, Issue 7

Cite

EndNote %0 IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences ENHANCING PLEA BARGAINING PROCESS THROUGH MEDIATION %A Norjihan Ab Aziz , Noorshuhadawati Mohamad Amin , Zuraini Ab Hamid %T ENHANCING PLEA BARGAINING PROCESS THROUGH MEDIATION %D 2017 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 3 %N 7 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.320064 %U 10.18769/ijasos.320064

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