Year 2019, Volume 5 , Issue 14, Pages 1134 - 1143 2019-09-15

THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN INCREASING EMPLOYEES' MOTIVATION AND PRODUCTIVITY

Abdul Aziz Saud Khalfan Al-Bahri [1] , Khatijah Binti Othman [2]


This is an analytical descriptive study discusses the role of leadership in increasing employee's motivation and productivity. It is part of a Ph.D. study by the researcher in Omani Water Sector. The problem today is that many leaders do not understand the concepts, principles, and mechanisms of motivation. In the other hand, many studies have proven that there is a correlation between the employees' motivation and their productivity. Up to date, there is no explicit research that has study the role of leadership in increasing the motivation of employees in the public sector in Oman. Therefore, the objectives of the Study are; to explore the role of leadership and employee's productivity, and to identify the role of leadership in increasing the motivation and productivity of employees. Through the analytical approach, the subject was discussed in three sections, where the findings revealed that; the most critical motivational factor associated with the employee's productivity was the basic work environment and contracts of the employment. Teamwork, respect, and trust are factors which need to be available in the work culture and environment. Through the role of leadership towards its organizational employees; there will be improving in the employees' productivity.

leadership, motivation, productivity
  • Adair, J. (2006). Leadership and Motivation, The fifty-fifty rule and the eight key principles of motivating others. London: London and Philadelphia. Al-Jasasi, A. (2016). The effectiveness in raising the performance level of employees in the Ministry of Education in the Sultanate of Oman. Nili: Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia. Retrieved from http://www.abahe.co.uk/Research-Papers/Impact-of-material-and-moral-incentives-to-improve-the-performance-of-employees.pdf Appelbaum, S. H., St-Pierre, N., & Glavas, W. (1998). Strategic organizational change: the role of leadership, learning, motivation and productivity. Management Decision, 36(5), 289-301. Baldoni, J. (2005). Great motivation secrets of great leaders. New York: NY: McGraw-Hill. Bass, B.M. and R. Bass. (2009). The Bass Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research and Managerial Applications. 4th Edn. New York: Free Press. Baxter W. G. (1996). The business argument for flexibility. HRMagazine, vol. 41, no. 5, pp.104-110. Burton, K. (2012). A study of motivation: How to get your employees moving. Management. Indiana University, 3(2), 232-234. Burton, K. (2012). A study of motivation: How to get your employees moving. Management. Indiana University, 3(2), 232-234. Bushra, F., Ahmad, U., & Naveed, A. (2011). Effect of transformational leadership on employees' job satisfaction and organizational commitment in banking sector of Lahore (Pakistan). International journal of Business and Social science, , 2(18). Butt, F. S., Waseem, M., Rafiq, T., Nawab, S., & Khilji, B. A. (2014). The Impact of Leadership on the Productivity of Employees: An Evidence from Pakistan. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 7(24), 5221-5226. Charbonneau, D., Barling, J., & Kelloway, E. K. (2001). Transformational Leadership and Sports Performance: The Mediating Role of Intrinsic Motivation. Journal of applied social psychology, 31(7), 1521-1534. Chiok Foong Loke, J. (2001). Leadership behaviours: effects on job satisfaction, productivity and organizational commitment. Journal of nursing management, 9(4), 191-204. Crossman, A. & Zaki, B. (2003). Job satisfaction and employee performance of Lebanese banking staff. Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp.368 – 376. Davidhizar, R. & Shearer, R. (1998). Rewarding with Dignity. Hospital Materiel Management Quarterly, vol. 20, no. 1, pp., 84-89. De Jong, J. P., & Den Hartog, D.N. (2007). How leaders influence employees' innovative behaviour. European Journal of innovation management, 10(1), 41-64. Doloi, H. (2007). Twinning motivation, productivity and management strategy in construction projects. Engineering Management Journal, 19(3), 30-40. Ghazzawi, K., El Shoughari, R., & El Osta, B. (2017). Situational Leadership and Its Effectiveness in Rising Employee Productivity: A Study on North Lebanon Organization. Human Resource Management Research, 7(3), 102-110. Graen, G., Novak, M.A., & Sommerkamp, P. . (1982). The effects of leader—member exchange and job design on productivity and satisfaction: Testing a dual attachment model. Organizational behavior and human performance, 30(1), 109-131. Haenisch, J. P. (2012). Factors affecting the productivity of government workers. Beaufort Street, Laramie, WY, USA: SAGE. Hauser, L. (2014). Work motivation in organizational behavior. Economics, Management, and Financial Markets, (4), 239-246. Kazaz, A. & Ulubeyli, S. (2007). Drivers of productivity among workers: A study in a developing country. Building and Environment, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 2132-2140. Kim, W.G., & Brymer, R.A. (2011). The effects of ethical leadership on manager job satisfaction, commitment, behavioral outcomes, and firm performance. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 30(4), 1020-1026. Khuong, M. N. (2015). The effects of leadership styles on employee motivation in auditing companies in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 6(4), 210. Kuvaas, B., & Dysvik, A. (2009). Perceived investment in employee development, intrinsic motivation and work performance. Human resource management journal, 19(3), 217-236. Kuvaas, B., & Dysvik, A. (2009). Perceived investment in employee development, intrinsic motivation and work performance. Human resource management journal, 19(3), 217-236. Manzoor, Q.A. (2012). Impact of employees' motivation on organizational effectiveness.Business management and strategy, 3(1), 1. Manzoor, Q.A. (2012). Impact of employees' motivation on organizational effectiveness.Business management and strategy, 3(1), 1. Mavhungu, D., & Bussin, M.H. (2017). The mediation role of motivation between leadership and public sector performance. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 15(1), 1-11. Muogbo, U. S. (2013). The impact of employee motivation on organisational performance (a study of some selected firms in anambra state nigeria). The international journal of engineering and science, 2(7), 70-80. Muogbo, U. S. (2013). The impact of employee motivation on organisational performance (a study of some selected firms in anambra state nigeria). The international journal of engineering and science, 2(7), 70-80. Muriuk, C. W. (2016). Effect of Performance Appraisal on Employee Motivation at Ministry of East African Community, Labour and Social Protection. Universty of Nairobi School of Business, 36. Orazi, D. C., Turrini, A., & Valotti, G. (2013). Public sector leadership: new perspectives for research and practice. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 79(3), 486-504. Owens, B.P., & Hekman, D.R. (2016). How does leader humility influence team performance? Exploring the mechanisms of contagion and collective promotion focus. Academy of Management Journal, 59(3), 1088-1111. Piccolo, R. F., Greenbaum, R., Hartog, D.N.D., & Folger, R. (2010). The relationship between ethical leadership and core job characteristics. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(2‐3), 259-278. Qureshi, K. K. (2007, June 2). Impact Of Employee Participation On Job Satisfaction, Employee Commitment And Employee Productivity. Retrieved DEcember 17, 2017, from International Review of Business Research Papers: http://bizresearchpapers.com/Bhatti.pdf. Raven, B.H. and J.R. French. (1985). Group support, legitimate power and social influence. J. Pers, 26(3): 400-409. Richard, B. (2014). The effect of motivation on employees’ performance: empirical evidence from the Brong Ahafo Education Directorate. Kwame Nkrumah University, 19. Richard, B. (2014). The effect of motivation on employees’ performance: empirical evidence from the Brong Ahafo Education Directorate. Kwame Nkrumah University, 19. Saxena, A. (2014). Workforce diversity: A key to improve productivity. Procedia Economics and Finance, 11, 76-85. Schlesinger, L. & Heskett, J. (1991). Breaking the cycle of failure in services. Sloan Management Review, vol. 32, Spring, pp. 17-28, Silverthorne, C., & Wang, T. H. (2001). Situational leadership style as a predictor of success and productivity among Taiwanese business organizations. The Journal of Psychology, 135(4), 399-412. Smith, M. (1948). Control interaction. Psychol, 28(2): 263-273. Solaja, M. O. (2016). Exploring the relationship between leadership communication style, personality trait and organizational productivity. Serbian Journal of Management., 11(1), 99-117. Tierney, P., Farmer, S. M., & Graen, G.B., (1999). An examination of leadership and employee creativity: The relevance of traits and relationships. Personnel psychology, 52(3), 591-620 . Van Knippenberg, D. . (2000). Work motivation and performance: A social identity perspective. Applied psychology, 49(3), 357-371. Vecchio, R.P. and Appelbaum, S.H. (1995). Managing Organizational Behaviour. Dryden: Toronto, Chapters 10, 19. Wanjihia, F. N. (2016). Factors affecting employee motivation at the work place: a case of Kenya bankers Sacco society ltd. Doctoral dissertation, United States International University-Africa, 50-51. Yidong, T., & Xinxin, L. (2013). How ethical leadership influence employees’ innovative work behavior: A perspective of intrinsic motivation. Journal of business ethics, 116(2), 441-455. Zhang & Bartol. (2010). Linking empowering leadership and employee creativity: The influence of psychological empowerment, intrinsic motivation, and creative process engagement. The Academy of management journal, 53(1), 107-128.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Abdul Aziz Saud Khalfan Al-Bahri
Country: Oman


Author: Khatijah Binti Othman
Country: Malaysia


Dates

Publication Date : September 15, 2019

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN INCREASING EMPLOYEES' MOTIVATION AND PRODUCTIVITY %A Abdul Aziz Saud Khalfan Al-Bahri , Khatijah Binti Othman %T THE ROLE OF LEADERSHIP IN INCREASING EMPLOYEES' MOTIVATION AND PRODUCTIVITY %D 2019 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 5 %N 14 %R %U