Year 2019, Volume 5 , Issue 14, Pages 908 - 914 2019-09-15

LEXICAL COHESION IN SADEGH HEDAYAT’S LETTERS: THE EFFECT OF BIPOLAR MOOD DISORDER

Elmira Esmaeelpour [1] , Fariba Ghatreh [2]


This paper makes an attempt to investigate the effect of bipolar mood disorder on the basis of using the lexical cohesion elements (that is, repetition, synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy, and collocation) in a case study approach based on the fact that approximately one percent of people suffer from this kind of affective disorder. Specifically, a large number of artists are afflicted by the very disorder presumably due to their creativity. The private letters of Sadegh Hedayat, mostly known as an Iranian eminent writer suffering from bipolar mood disorder, to Shahid Nourai, one of his friends, are selected as the material of the study. The addressee is kept fixed noticeably to remove the effective linguistic features. Sadegh Hedayat’s letters have been studied regarding mentioned linguistic elements in terms of two major bipolar mood disorder episodes (that is to say, hypomanic and depressive). In the study, all the letters related to hypomanic and depressive episodes are investigated using the elements of lexical cohesion. Furthermore, all the words on the basis of the elements with respect to various ties, i.e. immediate, mediate, and remote, are counted and the averages are evaluated using SPSS with the aim of finding any noteworthy result to discover whether specific psychological mood affects the use of certain lexical cohesion elements or not. Moreover, it explores whether there is any significant difference between bipolar mood disorder and schizophrenia on the basis of previous studies. The statistical analysis shows a highly significant difference concerning antonymy and hyponymy between hypomania and depression. No significant difference is found with respect to repetition, synonymy, and collocation. In addition, the results suggest that the text analyzed in the research is cohesive as regards bipolar mood disorder in contrast to those studies conducted related to schizophrenia.


antonymy, bipolar mood disorder, hyponmy, lexicalcohesion, schizophrenia
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Elmira Esmaeelpour
Country: Iran


Author: Fariba Ghatreh (Primary Author)
Country: Iran


Dates

Publication Date : September 15, 2019

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences LEXICAL COHESION IN SADEGH HEDAYAT’S LETTERS: THE EFFECT OF BIPOLAR MOOD DISORDER %A Elmira Esmaeelpour , Fariba Ghatreh %T LEXICAL COHESION IN SADEGH HEDAYAT’S LETTERS: THE EFFECT OF BIPOLAR MOOD DISORDER %D 2019 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 5 %N 14 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.591911 %U 10.18769/ijasos.591911