Year 2018, Volume 4 , Issue 12, Pages 806 - 812 2019-01-10


S. R. Khusnutdinova [1] , S. A. Merkushev [2] , A. V. Popov [3] , R. R. Khusnutdinov [4] , R. A. Ulengov [5]

Transformation of urban transport infrastructure is one of the most dynamic city processes. Changes occur continuously and connect both with the technology and with the city development. For Russian cities, the most common trends that affected the transformation of the transport system at the turn of the 20th century were the growth in the number of personal transport and the active development of city agglomerations. In addition to the general features, there are specific features of changing public transport, street-road network in each city and agglomeration. Comparison of these changes, taking into account the global trends, allows you to draw conclusions and give practical suggestions that may be of interest for both management practices and the development of science. It is important to realize that the transport system of cities-nuclei of agglomerations is under pressure not only of traffic flows within urban displacements, but is an open system integrated into agglomeration processes.
In the article, the transformation of the transport infrastructure of the Russian cities of Yekaterinburg, Kazan and Perm is considered by its two main components - public transport and the street-road network. The selected three cities are not only regional capitals, but also nuclei of monocentric agglomerations. The comparison is made in the context of individual urban areas: the historical core, the zone adjacent to the historical core, and the outer zone. The main method used is the peer review method. This is due to the fact that it is not always possible to obtain a complete set of data for a formalized assessment of the section of the zones identified by the authors that do not coincide with the administrative-territorial cities. Although, where possible, the results of peer review are supported by statistical data and calculations. Real changes are compared with the version, which the authors consider to be optimal at this stage and described using a special score scale.
According to the results of the expert assessment, Kazan and Yekaterinburg took the leading positions.
For Kazan is characterized by systematic activities to ensure the effective operation of public transport. The city occupies a leading place in Russia (excluding the capital) in terms of the number of corridors and the length of the allocated lanes for public transport. In the past five years, there has been a large-scale renovation of the park of trams, trolleybuses and buses in municipal ownership.
Ekaterinburg stands out as an urban tram network, which maintains a system-forming role in most areas of the city. It continues to develop: a new site appeared within a large center in 2017, at various stages of discussion and implementation are plans to build lines in the micro-districts of the city's outer zone, and also (for the first time in Russia) - to two satellite cities in Yekaterinburg.. The relatively high quality of the track infrastructure, high-quality operation of the rolling stock of tram transport also influenced the increase in the score of the expert evaluation.
The most problematic aspects in all cities are:
Inadequate integration of electric trains into the urban transport system;
the lack of systematic work with drivers of personal vehicles on their compliance with the interests of all residents when using courtyard territories;
the lack of systematic and consistent measures to form multifunctional transport and transfer nodes on the border of zones adjacent to the historical core and external zones, the development of the street-road network in connection with the formation of these nodes.
Solving these problems will allow to proceed to the intensive development of city agglomerations.
city, city agglomeration, urban, transport infrastructure, public transport, street-road network, Ekaterinburg, Kazan, Perm
  • Batiss F. (2000). The combined systems of public rail transit. Zheleznye dorogi mira, 8. A., Giannini G., & Lamedica R. (2014) Eco-friendly urban transport systems. Comparison between energy demands of the trolleybus and tramsystems. Ingegneria Ferroviaria, 69 (4), pp.329-347.Hirano K., Kitao Y. (2009). A study on connectivity and accessibility between tram stops and public facilities WIT Transactions on the Built Environment. 15th International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment, 107, pp. 247-264.Kołoś A., Taczanowski J. (2016). The feasibility of introducing light rail systems in medium-sized towns in Central Europe. Journal of Transport Geography. 54, pp. 400-413.Lois González, R.C., Otón M.P., & Wolff J.-P. (2013). The tramway between transport policy and tool for urban rehabilitation in certain European countries: Germany, Spain, France and Switzerland Annales de Geographie. 123 (694), pp. 619-643 Macdonald A., Coxo S. (2011). Towards a more accessible tram system in Melbourne - Challenges for infrastructure design. 34th Australasian Transport Research Forum.Merckushev S.A., Popov A.V. (2017). Streetcar networks in transforming urban environment of regional centers of Ural economic region. Geographical bulletin, 3 (42), pp 31–42. doi 10.17072/2079-7877-2017-3-31-42.Naegeli L., Orth H., Weidmann U. (2013). High-quality public transport and promotion of nonmotorized transport - Compromise or complement? Transportation Research Record. (2350), pp . 26-36.Pelyavina I., Sukhanov V. (2018). Modelno govorit. Gubernatoru predstavili novuyu transportnuyu model Permi. Available at: (accessed 05.08.2018).Pertsik E.N. (1991).The urban geography (geourbanistics). Moscow, Vysshaya shkola Publ.Petrov K. (2018). Business Class had known the details of Perm-II reconstruction and “New Parkoviy” project. Available at: (accessed 05.08.2018).Plakhotich S.A., Chemodanova K.E. (2010). New technologies of transport service of the population in industrial-city agglomeration. Bulletin of the Ural State University of Railway Transport. 2 (6), pp.14–21.Rayskin B.M. (2009). Tram-train car by Alstom in Kassel. Zheleznye dorogi mira, 12 pp 21–28. Rodrigue J., Comtois C., Slack B. (2013). The Geography of Transport Systems 3rd edition. New York: Routledge Publ. Safina D. (2018). Expanding horizons. Program interview of Michael Syutkin first vice premier of government. Available at: (accessed 05.08.2018).Tarkhov S.A. (2005). Evolutionary morphology of transport networks. Smolensk, Universum Publ.Vislavskaya E. (2017)Tourists will be able to study the Old-Tatar Sloboda on electric cars.Avaiable at: E. (2018). Tourists will be able to excurse in Staro-Tatarskaya sloboda by electrocars. Available at (accessed 07.08.2018).Vuchic V. R. (2007). Urban Transit Systems and Technology. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons Publ.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles

Author: S. R. Khusnutdinova (Primary Author)
Country: Russian Federation

Author: S. A. Merkushev
Country: Russian Federation

Author: A. V. Popov
Country: Russian Federation

Author: R. R. Khusnutdinov
Country: Russian Federation

Author: R. A. Ulengov
Country: Russian Federation


Publication Date : January 10, 2019

EndNote %0 International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences TENDENCIES AND PROBLEMS OF THE TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE CITY AGGLOMERATIONS (CASE-STUDY OF YEKATERINBURG, KAZAN AND PERM) %A S. R. Khusnutdinova , S. A. Merkushev , A. V. Popov , R. R. Khusnutdinov , R. A. Ulengov %T TENDENCIES AND PROBLEMS OF THE TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE CITY AGGLOMERATIONS (CASE-STUDY OF YEKATERINBURG, KAZAN AND PERM) %D 2019 %J IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences %P 2411-183X-2411-183X %V 4 %N 12 %R doi: 10.18769/ijasos.476401 %U 10.18769/ijasos.476401